Thermal Design of a Fusion Power Plant and Its Waste Heat Recovery to Produce Hydrogen

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, I.R. IRAN

2 Department of Energy Engineering and Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran, I.R. IRAN


As climate change becomes a more severe problem each day, the need to respond to it firmly grows in importance. For decades many scientists believed fusion, or, as it is called in the engineering society, the artificial sun was the future of unlimited clean and cheap energy sources. Since 2007 when the international nuclear fusion research and engineering megaproject started as a mega cooperation project between several industrial countries, this ambition seemed to be at hand more than at any other time. This mega project was a turning point for the fusion sub-projects to emerge in many countries and regions. But as fusion projects grow in number, similar to all other energy systems, a need to analyze using the second law of thermodynamics becomes a great matter of importance. This paper aims to study the European demonstration fusion power reactor pulse integrated power plant and its waste heat recovery potential to produce hydrogen, considering the primary heat transfer system, the intermediate Heat Transfer System, including the Energy Storage System’s first option to ensure power continuity. This study shows that the fusion power plant is among the most efficient stand-alone energy systems with an overall efficiency of (85.07 and 89.1% in energy storage and auxiliary heater arrangements, respectively). Using waste heat assessments to produce hydrogen resulted in even more efficient plants and an increase of the plant’s overall efficiency to more than 94.15 and 92.05% in energy storage and auxiliary heater arrangements, respectively, close to the Carnot efficiency of a similar ideal plant, and means that the irreversibility is in its minimum state.


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