Investigation of the Gas-Liquid Flow in an Agitated Vessel Equipped with an ASI Impeller by Using Tomography Method

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, M5B 2K3, CANADA


In this study, the hydrodynamics of the gas dispersion in an aerated vessel equipped with a newly designed impeller (ASI impeller), a combination of the pitched blade turbine and the Scaba impeller was investigated. The performance of the ASI impeller was compared with the performances of the pitched blade turbine and the Rushton impeller. The non-invasive Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) technique was used to assess the gas dispersion inside the mixing vessel. The effects of the volumetric gas flow, and impeller type and speed were investigated on power drawn, gas holdup, and mixing time. An analysis of the experimental data indicated that the ASI impeller exhibited a minimal effect of the gassing on the power drawn compared to the pitch blade and the Rushton turbine. Measured data on gassed power consumption indicated that the ASI impeller was about 45% more efficient than the Rushton turbine and 20% more than the downward PBT under the general operating conditions in bioreactors for gas flow rate about 1 vvm. Also, this impeller showed a higher amount of gas hold up and lower mixing time compared to the two other studied impellers. A dimensionless correlation for the relative power consumption as a function of flow number and Froud number was developed for the aerated agitated tank. Also, a dimensionless correlation was introduced to compute the overall gas hold up as a function of specific power consumption and superficial gas velocity for the gas-liquid agitated system. The overall conclusion from this study demonstrated that the axial-radial ASI impeller is a good energy-efficient impeller for the aeration system and bioreactors based on the results from the investigation of the data in terms of the power consumption, gas holdup, and mixing time.


Main Subjects

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