Synthesis and Experimental-Modelling Evaluation of Nanoparticles Movements by Novel Surfactant on Water Injection: An Approach on Mechanical Formation Damage Control and Pore Size Distribution

Document Type : Research Article


1 Petroleum Engineering Department, Amir-Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Material Engineering, Swansea, United Kingdom

3 EOR Center,Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), TEHRAN, I.R. IRAN


Water injection is used as a widespread IOR/EOR method and promising formation damages (especially mechanical ones) is a crucial challenge in the near-wellbore of injection wells. The magnesium oxide (MgO) NanoParticles (NPs) considered in the article underwater flooding experiment tests to monitor the promising mechanical formation damage (size exclusion) in lab mechanistic scale include micro-scale classical deep bed filtration model, permeability, and pore size distribution. The averaged upper-scale equations were constructed on the water injection basis on the presence of NPs. The model validation to adjust the equation of state was obtained based on fluid samples from the laboratory and simulation tests. The permeability decline (up to 50% initial permeability) was important when the optimum value of capturing the probability coefficient (pa) is 0.7 mismatched on the conventional simulation results. Pore size distribution in each simulation time step based on retention concentrations determined in the sandstone samples. Formation damage analyses on the presence of NPs showed that modification of the static reservoir models has excellent potential regarding porosity and permeability maps, in large-scale simulation. This study displays an improved approach to NPs’ movement through a porous medium which will act as a benchmark for future waterflooding EOR projects in sandstone oil reservoirs or similar basins all over the world.


Main Subjects

[1] Vetter O., Kandarpa V., Harouaka A., Prediction of Scale Problems Due to Injection of Incompatible Waters, Journal of Petroleum Technology , 34: 273-284 (1982).
[2] Glossary S.O., Retrieved from the Internet< URL:> Terms: Electrical Stability Test, Electrical Resitivity, Invert Emulsion, (2010).
[3] Moghadasi J., Jamialahmadi M., Müller-Steinhagen H., Sharif A., "Formation Damage Due to Scale Formation in Porous Media Resulting From Water Injection, Proceedings" - SPE International Symposium on Formation Damage Control, (2004)
[4] Civan F., "Reservoir Formation Damage", Gulf Professional Publishing, (2015).
[5] Valdya R., Fogler H., Fines Migration and Formation Damage, Journal of SPE Production Engineering, 7: 325-330 (1992).
[6] Meyers K., Skillman H., Herring G., Control of Formation Damage at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, by Inhibitor Squeeze Treatment, Journal of Petroleum Technology, 37(1): 019-011,034, (1985)
[7] Monaghan P., Salathiel R., Morgan B., Kaiser A., Laboratory Studies of in Sands Containing Clays, SPE-1162-G, (1959)
[8] Shaughnessy C., Kline W., EDTA Removes Formation Damage at Prudhoe Bay, Journal of Petroleum Technology, 35: 1,783-781,791, (1983)
[9] Song W., Kovscek A.R., Direct Visualization of Pore-Scale Fines Migration and Formation Damage During Low-Salinity Waterflooding, Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 34: 1276-1283, (2016)
[10] E. Lowry, M. Sedghi and L. Goual, Novel Dispersant for Formation Damage Prevention in CO2: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Journal of Energy & Fuels, 30: 7187-7195 (2016)
[11] Sheng J.J., Comparison of the Effects of Wettability Alteration and IFT Reduction on Oil Recovery in Carbonate Reservoirs, AsiaPacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 8 (1): 154-161 (2016).
[12] Betancur S., Carmona J.C., Nassar N.N., Franco C.A., Cortés F.B., Role of Particle Size and Surface Acidity of Silica Gel Nanoparticles in Inhibition of Formation Damage by Asphaltene in Oil Reservoirs, Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 55(21): 6122–6132 (2016).
[13] De Franceschi E., Castiñeiras T., Benedetto F., Funes A., Figini F., Economides M.J., Pipe Dope as a Source of Oil and Gas Formation Damage, Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 12: 65-73 (2013).
[14] Khan H., Mirabolghasemi M., Yang H., Prodanovic M., DiCarlo D., Balhoff M., Gray K., "Comparative Study of Formation Damage due to Straining and Surface Deposition in Porous Media", SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, SPE-178930-MS, (2016).
[15] Moghadasi J., Jamialahmadi M., Müller-Steinhagen H., Sharif A., Izadpanah M., Motaei E., Barati R., "Formation Damage in Iranian Oil Fields", International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, (2002).
[16] Gray D., Rex R., "Formation Damage in Sandstones Caused by Clay Dispersion and Migration",
14th National Conference on Clay and Clay Minerals, (1965).
[17] Khilar K.C., Fogler H.S., Migrations of Fines in Porous Media, Journal of Springer Science & Business Media, (1998).
[18] Juanes R., Spiteri E., Orr F., Blunt M., Impact of Relative Permeability Hysteresis on Geological CO2 Storage, Journal of Water Resources Research, 42: (2006).
[19] El-Monier E.A., Nasr-El-Din H.A., A Study of Several Environmentally Friendly Clay Stabilizer, SPE-142755-MS, (2011)
[20] Habibi A., Al-Hadrami H.K.H., Al-ajmi A.M., Al-wahaibi Y.M., Ayatollahi S., Effect of MgO Nanofluid Injection into Water Sensitive Formation to Prevent the Water Shock Permeability Impairment, SPE-157106-MS, (2012)
[21] Ju B., Fan T., Ma M., Enhanced Oil Recovery by Flooding with Hydrophilic Nanoparticles, Journal of China Particuology, 4: 41-46 (2006).
[22] Torsater O., Engeset B., Hendraningrat L., Suwarno S., Improved Oil Recovery by Nanofluids Flooding:
An Experimental Study
, SPE-163335-MS, (2012)
[23] Karimi A., Fakhroueian Z., Bahramian A., Pour Khiabani N., Darabad J.B., Azin R., Arya S., Wettability Alteration in Carbonates Using Zirconium Oxide Nanofluids: EOR Implications, Journal of Energy & Fuels, 26: 1028-1036 (2012).
[24] Xu B., Qiao Y., Park T., Tak M., Zhou Q., Chen X., A Conceptual Thermal Actuation System Driven by Interface Tension of Nanofluids, Journal of Energy & Environmental Science, 4: 3632-3639 (2011).
[25] Zhang P., Shen D., Kan A.T., Tomson M.B., Synthesis and Laboratory Testing of a Novel Calcium-Phosphonate Reverse Micelle Nanofluid for Oilfield Mineral Scale Control, Journal of RSC Advances, 6: 39883-39895 (2016).
[26] Kiani S., Mansouri Zadeh M., Khodabakhshi S., Rashidi A., Moghadasi J., Newly Prepared Nano Gamma Alumina and Its Application in Enhanced Oil Recovery: An Approach to Low-Salinity Water Flooding, Journal of Energy & Fuels, 30: 3791-3797 (2016).
[27] Huang T., Crews J.B., Willingham J.R., Nanoparticles for Formation Fines Fixation and Improving Performance of Surfactant Structure Fluids, IPTC-12414-MS, (2008)
[28] Qu X., Alvarez P.J., Li Q., Impact of Sunlight and Humic Acid on the Deposition Kinetics of Aqueous Fullerene Nanoparticles (nC60), Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 46: 13455-13462 (2012).
[29] Wang Z., Yu T., Lin X., Wang X., Su L., Chemicals Loss and the Effect on Formation Damage in Reservoirs with ASP Flooding Enhanced oil Recovery, Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 33: 1381-1389 (2016).
[30] Sheng J.J., A Comprehensive Review of Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer (ASP) Flooding, AsiaPacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 9: 471-489 (2014).
[31] Kuzmina L.I., Osipov Y.V., Modelling of Particles Retention in a Porous Soil, Journal of Procedia Engineering, 111: 491-494 (2015).
[32] Chalk P., Gooding N., Hutten S., You Z., Bedrikovetsky P., Pore Size Distribution from Challenge Coreflood Testing by Colloidal Flow, Journal of Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 90: 63-77 (2012).
[33] Farajzadeh R., "Produced Water Re-Injection (PWRI) An Experimental Investigation into Internal Filtration and External Cake Build up", Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, (2004).
[34] You Z., Osipov Y., Bedrikovetsky P., Kuzmina L., Asymptotic Model for Deep Bed Filtration, Journal of Chemical Engineering Journal, 258: 374-385 (2014).
[35] Santos A., Barros P., Multiple Particle Retention Mechanisms during Filtration in Porous Media, Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 44: 2515-2521 (2010).
[36] Vahidi M., Rashidi A., Tavasoli A., Kiani S., Remarkable Enhancement of Convective Heat Transfer with Different Nanoparticles in N-Methyldiethanolamine Solution in Gas Sweetening Process, Journal of International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 76: 1-5 (2016).
[37] Dai C., Wang K., Liu Y., Li H., Wei Z., Zhao M., Reutilization of Fracturing Flowback Fluids in Surfactant Flooding for Enhanced Oil Recovery, Journal of Energy & Fuels, 29: 2304-2311 (2015).
[38] Lee J.-H., Hwang K.S., Jang S.P., Lee B.H., Kim J.H., Choi S.U., Choi C.J., Effective Viscosities and Thermal Conductivities of Aqueous Nanofluids Containing Low Volume Concentrations of Al2O3 Nanoparticles, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51: 2651-2656 (2008).
[39] Alcázar-Vara L.A., Zamudio-Rivera L.S., Buenrostro-González E., Hernández-Altamirano R.l., V. Mena-Cervantes Y., Ramírez-Pérez J.F., Multifunctional Properties of Zwitterionic Liquids. Application in Enhanced Oil Recovery and Asphaltene Aggregation Phenomena, Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 54: 2868-2878 (2015).
[40] Wang L., Fan J., Nanofluids Research: Key Issues", Nanoscale research letters, 5: 1241-1252 (2010).
[41] Klung H., Alexander L., Willey, "X‐ray Diffraction Procedures for Polycrystalline and Amorphous Materials", New York Publisher, EUA, 491, (1962).
[42] Sharma M., Yortsos Y., Fines Migration in Porous Media, AIChE Journal, 33: 1636-1643 (1987).
[43] Bedrikovetsky P., Upscaling of Stochastic Micro Model for Suspension Transport in Porous Media, Transport in Porous Media, 75: 335-369 (2008).
[45] Parvazdavani M., Masihi M., Ghazanfari M.H., Monitoring the Influence of Dispersed Nano-Particles on Oil–Water Relative Permeability Hysteresis, Journal of Petrol. Sci. Eng, 124: 222– 231 (2014).
[46] Li S., Hendraningrat L., Torsaeter O., "Improved Oil Recovery by Hydrophilic Silica Nanoparticles Suspension: 2 Phase Flow Experimental Studies", In Proceedings of the IPTC, (2013).
[47] Ahmadi M.A., Zendehboudi S., Shafiei A., James L., Nonionic Surfactant for Enhanced Oil Recovery from Carbonates: Adsorption Kinetics and Equilibrium, Journal of Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 51: 9894-9905 (2012).
[48] Meisam Kamalipour; Seyyed Ali AliMousavi Dehghani, Distinguishing Anhydrate and Gypsum Scale in Mixing Incompatible Surface and Ground Waters During Water Injection Process, Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (IJCCE), 37(1): 231-240 (2018).