Flow Pattern and Oil Holdup Prediction in Vertical Oil–Water Two–Phase Flow Using Pressure Fluctuation Signal

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Chemical Engineering, Yasouj University, P.O. Box 75914-353 Yasouj, I.R. IRAN


In this work, the feasibility of flow pattern and oil hold up the prediction for vertical upward oil–water two–phase flow using pressure fluctuation signals was experimentally investigated. Water and diesel fuel were selected as immiscible liquids. Oil hold up was measured by Quick Closing Valve (QCV) technique, and five flow patterns were identified using high-speed photography through a transparent test section with Inner Diameter (ID) of 0.0254 m. The observed flow patterns were Dispersed Oil in Water (D O/W), Dispersed Water in Oil (D W/O), Transition Flow (TF), Very FineDispersed Oil in Water (VFD O/W) and a new flow pattern called Dispersed Oil Slug & Water in Water (D OS& W/W). The pressure fluctuation signals were also measured by a static pressure sensor and decomposed at five levels using wavelet transform. Then, standard deviation values of decomposition levels were used as input parameters of a Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) to train the network for predicting the flow patterns. In addition, some considered numerical values for actual flow patterns together with the signal energy value of each level were used as input parameters of a MultiLayer Perceptron (MLP) network to estimate the oil holdup. The results indicated good accuracy for recognition of the flow patterns (accuracy of 100% and 95.8% for training data and testing data, respectively) and oil holdup (AAPE=9.6%, R=0.984 for training data and AAPE=8.07%, R=0.99 for testing data).


Main Subjects

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