Preparation of High Surface Area ZrO2 Nanoparticles

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), P.O. Box 14665-137 Tehran, I.R. IRAN

2 Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), P.O. Box 14665-137 Tehran, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

In comparison to the previous researches, ZrO2 nanoparticles with higher surface area (85 m2/g) have been synthesized in this research. The as-prepared ZrO2 nanoparticles by co-precipitation method were characterized with X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The surface area of the sample was characterized by BET method. The effect of the growth parameters such as temperature, pH, Zr4+/template ratio and kind of  template on the growth and morphology of ZrO2 nanoparticles have been investigated in detail. The results revealed that pH, temperature, Zr4+/template and kind of template have an important effect on the morphology and size of the ZrO2 nanoparticles. X Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis of the superior nanoparticles that was prepared at pH=4, Temperature=70 oC, Zr4+/template ratio=2 and by sorbitol as template indicates the formation of nanocrystalline ZrO2tetragonal phase structure. The average particle size of the product is about 4.45 nm that was calculated from XRD pattern by the Debye-Scherrer formula.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Shukla S., Seal S., Int., Mechanisms of Room Temperature Tetragonal Phase Stabilization in Zirconia, Mater. Rev., 50(1): 45-64 (2005).

[2] Liang J., Jiang X., Liu G., Deng Z., Zhuang J., Li F., Li Y., Characterization and Synthesis of Pure ZrO2 Nanopowders via Sonchemical Method, Mater. Res. Bull.38: 161-168 (2003).

[3] Chandra N., Singh D.K., Sharma M., Upadhyay R.K., Amritphale S.S., Sanghi S.K., Synthesis and Characterization of Nano-Sized Zirconia Powder Synthesized by Single Emulsion-Assisted Direct Precipitation, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 342: 327-332 (2010).

[4] Zhu B., Xia C.R., Luo X.G., Transparent Two-Phase Composite Oxide Thin Films with High Conductivity, Thin Solid Films385: 209-214 (2001).

[5] Petrik N.G., Taylor D.P., Orlando T.M., Laser-Stimulated Luminescence of Yttria-Stabilized Cubic Zirconia Crystals, J. Appl. Phys.85: 6770-6776 (1999).

[6] Bastianini A., Battiston G.A., Gerbasi R., Porchia M., Daolio S., Chemical Vapor Deposition of ZrO2 Thin Films Using Zr(NEt2)4 as Precursor, J. Phys. IV France 054(5): C5-525-C5-531 (1995).

[7] Corma A., Inorganic Solid Acids and Their Use in Acid-Catalyzed Hydrocarbon Reactions, Chem. Rev., 95: 559 (1995).

[8] Tian G., Pan K., Fu H., Jing L., Zhou W., Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity of S-Doped TiO2–ZrO2 Nanoparticles Under Visible-Light Irradiation, J. Hazard. Mater., 166: 939-944 (2009).

[9] Ehrhart G., Capoen B., Robbe O., Boy P., Turrell S., Bouazaoui M., Structural and Optical Properties of n Propoxide Sol Gel Derived ZrO2 Thin Films, Thin Solid Films496: 6-12 (2006).

[10] Torres-Huerta A.M., Dominguez-Crespo M.A., Ramirez-Meneses E., Vargas-Garcia J.R., MOCVD of Zrconium Oxide Thin Films: Synthesis and Characterization, Appl. Surf. Sci.255: 4792-4795 (2009).

[11] Tahir M.N., Gorgishvili L., Li J., Gorelik T., Kolb U., Nasdala L., Tremel W., Facile Synthesis and Characterization of Monocrystalline Cubic ZrO2 Nanoparticles, Solid State Sci.9: 1105-1109 (2007).

[12] Rozo C., Jaque D., Fonseca L.F., Sole J.G., Luminescence of Rare Earth-Doped Si–ZrO2 Co-Sputtered Films, J. Lumin.128: 1197-1204 (2008).

[13] Ashkarran A.A., Ahmadi Afshar S.A., Aghigh S.M., Kavianipour M., Photocatalytic Activity of ZrO2 Nanoparticles Prepared by Electrical Arc Discharge Method in Water, Polyhedron29: 1370-1374 (2010).

[14] Habibi R., Towfighi Daryan J., Rashidi A.M., Shape and Size-Controlled Fabrication of ZnO Nanostructures Using Novel Templates, Journal of Experimental Nanoscience4: 35-45 (2009).

[15] Zhang H., Feng J., Wang J., Zhang M., Preparation of ZnO Nanorods Through Wet Chemical Method, Mater. Lett., 61: 5202-5205 (2007).

[16] Anandan K., Rajendran V., Size Controlled Synthesis of SnO2 Nanoparticles: Facile Solvothermal Process, Journal of Non-Oxide Glasses2: 81-89 (2010).

[17] Gericke M., Pinches A., Biological Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles  Hydrometallurgy83: 132-140 (2006).

[18] Joshi R.K., pH and Temperature Dependence of Particle size in Pb1-xFexS Nanoparticle Films, Solid State Commun., 139: 201-204 (2006).

[19] Salehi S., Ryukhtin V., Lukas P., Biest O.V., Vleugels J., Two-D Analysis of the Thermo-Mechanical Properties of ZrO2-Based Composites, International Journal of Chemo Informatics and Chemical Engineering, 2(1): 25-39 (2012).

[20] Ashkarran A.A., Aghigh S.M., Ahmadi Afshar S.A., Kavianipour M., Ghoranneviss M., Synthesis and Characterization of ZrO2 Nanoparticles by Arc Discharge Method in Water, Metal-Organic, and Nano-Metal Chemistry41: 425-428 (2011).