Decomposition of Anionic Sodium Dodecylnemzene Sulfonate by UV/TiO2 and UV/H2O2 Processes a- Comparison of Reaction Rates

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Tabriz University, Zipcode 51664, Tabriz, I.R. Iran



Anionic DBS surfactant can be photodegraded in a TiO2 dispersion and H2O2 solution under an Hg-lamp (15 W) UV illumination or solar exposure. Degradation process has been monitored through cleavage of aromatic moiety. Degradation of the detergent was small when the photolysis was carried out in the absence of TiO2 and H2O2 and it was negligible in the absence of light. Most of the curves representing the semi-log of pollutant concentration versus time were nearly linear, suggesting first order reactions. In the UV/TiO2 process, the extent of surfactant degradation was found to be influenced by the TiO2 loading, initial detergent concentration, agitation rate, temperature and initial pH. The UV peroxide degradation of the anionic detergent (DBS) by the UV/H2O2 process is more effective the UV/TiO2 process making it a promissable method for destroying the aquatic pollutants. A combination of UV and Solar light is used, degradation of DBS it is more effective than UV/H2O2 process.


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