The pH Role in Nanotechnology, Electrochemistry and Nano-Drug Delivery

Document Type : Review Article


Faculty of Chemistry, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, I.R. IRAN


Most chemical and biological processes are affected by pH. Also, different physiology organs and subcellular partitions could be characterized by their pH levels, as well as their pathophysiological characterization. Sometimes the pH has an extremely critical role in some procedures that the entire research or article focused on pH effect for example the pH was found to play a crucial role, pH has a high effect in different parts of nanotechnology such as shape, size, stability, activity, and morphology of nanostructure materials. Also, several nanochannels and smart doors are developed based on pH changes. In electrochemistry, pH has brilliant roles in oxidation/reduction potential land sensitivity of peak. In the biosensing process, the pH could affect the interaction of the analyte and biorecognition layer by different force and strategies, in some chemical and biochemical reaction and H+ has a catalytic effect, therefore, pH act as a catalyst in several chemical and biological processes. Therefore, finding the best pH for the optimum speed of these processes is critical, especially in biological processes. Electron and proton transfer are rather strongly coupled in many biological processes, also in the separation process for cleaning or measuring process. It is best to check the role of pH in the adsorption and release steps. Usually, it is necessary to find the optimum pH in the first step of the study before optimizing the other parameters.


Main Subjects

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