Characters of Kinetic and Equilibrium of Adsorption of Eu(III) by an Cation Exchange Resin

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Applied Chemistry, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, 310012, CHINA


The sorption and desorption behaviors of Eu(III) from aqueous solutions with cation exchange resins containing carboxyl groups (D155 resin) were studied in terms of varied Eu(III) concentration, adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time and temperature. Batch shaking sorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the performance of D155 resin in the removal of Eu(III) from aqueous solutions. The loading of Eu(III) ions onto D155 resin was found to increase significantly with the initial Eu(III) concentration increasing. The sorption was strongly dependent on pH of the medium with enhanced sorption as the pH changes from 4.00 to 6.40.The concentration of Eu(III) in aqueous solution was determined by UV–visible spectrophotometer. The adsorption kinetics, tested with Lagergren-first-order model and pseudo-second-order model, showed better agreement with Lagergren-first-order kinetics. The suitability of the Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption models was also investigated for europium–sorbent system.The thermodynamic parameters such as ΔG, which were all negative, indicated that the adsorption of Eu(III) ions onto D155 resin was spontaneous and the positive value of ΔH showed that the adsorption was endothermic in nature. Eu(III) ions can be eluted by using the 0.5mol/L HCl solution. The surface characteristic of Eu(III) on D155 resin before and after adsorption was shown using IR spectroscopic technique. Therefore, it has a good potential of the removal of Eu(III) from aqueous solutions.


Main Subjects

[1] White E.H., Roswell D.F., Chemiluminescence of 4-Styrylphthal-Hydrazides with Crown Ether as Ionophore,  Acc. Chem. Res., 3, p. 541 (1970).
[2] White E.H., Steinmetz M.G., Miano J.D., Wildes P.D., Morland R., A Dynamic Chemiluminescent Process. Cyclic and Acyclic Pathways in the Photooxidative Decarbonylation of 5-Methylfurfural,  J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, p. 3199 (1980).
[3] Weeks I., Sturgess M.L., Brown R.C., Woodhead J.S., Immunoassays Using Acridinium Ester, Methods  Enzymol, 133, p.366 (1986).
[4] Lehmstedt K., Wirth E., Some Ms-Acridine Derivatives, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 61, p. 2044 (1928).
[5] Gleu K.,  PetschW., Two-Color Chemiluminescent Clock Reaction (Synthesized lucigenin), Angew. Chem., 48, p. 57 (1935).
[6] Albrecht H.O., Uber Die Chemiluminescenz Des Aminiphthalsaure Hydrazides,  J. Phys. Chem., 136,       p. 321 (1928).
[7] Barnard G., Brockelbank J.L., Kim J.B., Collins W.P., “Analytical Application of Bioluminesence and Chemiluminescence”, (Kricka, L. J., Stanley, P. E., Thorope, G. H. G., Whitehead, T. P. Eds.) Academic Press, New Yourk, p. 159 (1984).
[8] White E.H., Roswell D.F., Dupont A.C., Wilson A.A., Chemiluminescence Involving Acidic and Ambident Ion Light Emitters.The Chemiluminescence of the 9-Acridinepercarboxylate Anion, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, p. 5189 (1987).
[10] Akhavan  Tafti  H.,  Assay  Methods  Using Chemiluminescent Detection of Peroxidase, European Patent Application, 0625510 A2, (1994).
[11] Lehmstedt K., Wirth E., Uber Einige Ms-Acridi-Derivate, Chem. Ber., 61, p. 2044 (1928).
[12] Zaklika  K.A.,  Reaction  Mechanisms  in Chemiluminescence, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Sussex,UK, (1976).
[13] Deluca M.A., Mc Elroy W.D, “Bioluminesence and Chemiluminescence Methods in Enzymology”, Academic Press, Inc., Vol. 133 (1986).
[14] Campbell A.K.,  Simpson  J.S.A.,  Chemi-and Bioluminescence as an Analytical Tool in Biology, Tech Metabolic Res, B 213, p. 1 (1979).
[15] McCapra  F.,  Beheshti I.,  Kastooriranganathan  R., Ammonium Substituted Chemiluminescent Labels and Their Conjugates, and Assays There from, US Patent, 5281712 (1994). 
[16] Rieche A., Schmitz E., Dietrich P., Stickstoffhaltige Peroxyde, III. Peroxyde aus Stickstoffhaltigen Pseudobasen. Eine Methode zur Identifizierung Von Alkylhydroperoxyden, Chem. Ber., 92, p. 2239 (1959).
[17] Ball  D.L.,  Crutchfield  M.M.,  Edwards  J.O.,  The Mechanism of the Oxidation of 2-Propanol by Peroxydisulfate Ion, J. Org. Chem., 25, p. 1599 (1960).
[18] Chandross  E.A.,  Sonntag  F.I.,  A  Novel Chemiluminescent Electron-Transfer Reaction, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 86 (15), p. 3179 (1964).
[19] Mc Capra F., RichardsonD.G., The Mechanism of Chemiluminescence: A New Chemiluminescence Reaction, Tetrahedron Letters, 43, p. 3167 (1964).
[20] Burr J.G.,  “Chemi and Bioluminescence”,Marcell-Dekker,New York, p 245 (1985).
[21] Robards K., Worsfold  P.J, Analytical Applications of Liquid-Phase Chemiluminescence, Anal. Chim. Acta., 266, p. 147 (1992).
[22] Hadd A.G., Birks J.W., in R. E. Sievers (Ed), “Selective Detectors, Chemical Analysis”, Wiley, N.Y. USA  ,. 131, p. 209 (1995).
[23] Nakashima K., Abe K., Nakamura S., Wada M.,  Harada S., Kuroda N., Effects of Surfactants on Peroxyoxalate Chemiluminescence Reaction, Luminescence, 23(2), p. 86 (2008).
[24] Chaichi  M.J.,  Karami  A.R.,  Shockravi  A., Shamsipur M., Chemiluminescence Characteristics of Cumarin Derivatives as Blue Fluorescers in Peroxyoxalate-Hydrogen Peroxide System, Spectrochimica Acta part A, 59 (6), p. 1145 (2003).
[25] Givens R.S., Schowman R.L., in Birks J.W. (Ed), “Chemiluminescence and Photochemical Reaction Detection in Chromatography”, New York, VCH, Chapter 5 (1989).
[26] Orlovic M., Schowman R.L., Givens R.S., Alvarez F., Matuszewski B., Parekh N., A Simplified Model for the Dynamics of Chemiluminescence in the Oxalate-Hydrogen Peroxide System: Toward a Reaction Mechanism, J. Org. Chem., 54, p. 3606 (1989).
[27] Hadd A.G., Seeber A., Birks J.W., Kinetics of Two Pathways in Peroxyoxalate Chemiluminescenc,
J. Org. Chem.., 65, p. 2675 (2000).
[28] Hosseini M., Dehghan S., Chaichi M.J., Ganjali M.R., Norouzi P., A Study of Quenching and Enhancing Effects of Some Amino Acids on Peroxyoxalate Chemiluminescence of Rhodamine 6G, Spectrochimica Acta A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 72(3), p. 484 (2009).
[29] Dye J.L., Nicely V.A., A General Purpose Curve Fitting Program for Class and Research Use, J. Chem. Edu., 48, p. 443 (1971).
[30] Zomer G., Stavenuiter J.F.C., Van Den Berg R.H., Jansen E.H.J.M., “Luminescence Techniques in Chemical and Biochemical Analysis” (Baeyens, W.R.G., De Keukeleire, D., Korkidis, K., Eds.) Marcell Dekker  Inc., p 514 (1991).
[31] Shamsipur M., Chaichi M.J., Karami A.R., A Study of Peroxyoxalate-Chemiluminescence of Acriflavine, Spectrochimica Acta part A, , 59 (3), p. 511 (2003).
[32] Hosseini M., Dehghan S., Chaichi M.J., Shamsipur M., A Study of Chemiluminescence from Reaction of Bis (2,4,6-Trichlorophenyl)Oxalate, Hydrogen Peroxide and Dithranol as Antipsoriatic Drug and its Analytical Application, Acta Chimica Slovenica, 55(3), p. 562 (2008).