Biosorption of Pb(II) and Co(II) on Red Rose Waste Biomass

Document Type : Research Article


1 Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalaba-38040, PAKISTAN

2 Haq Nawaz, Bhatti*+; Rubina, Khadim; Muhammad Asif, Hanif Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalaba-38040, PAKISTAN


In the present investigation the biosorption potential of rosa gruss an teplitz (Red Rose) Waste Biomass (RRWB) for the removal of Pb(II) and Co(II) from aqueous solutions was studied. The effect of different process parameters such as pH, biosorbent dose, biosorbent size, temperature, contact time, initial metal concentration and pretreatments on the biosorption capacity of this waste biomass was studied. The results showed that the equilibrium data for both metal ions followed the Langmuir isotherm with a biosorption capacity of 112.0 and 115.9 mg/g for Pb(II) and Co(II) respectively. The overall biosorption process was best described by pseudo-second-order kinetics. Modification of red rose waste biomass by pretreating with different reagents significantly improved its biosorption capacity. A maximum biosorption capacity of 99.72 and 51.68 mg/g was observed for Pb(II) and Co(II) by treating the biomass with methanol and polyethyleneimine + glutraldehyde respectively. The results clearly indicated that red rose waste biomass has a potential to remove heavy metals from aqueous solutions.


Main Subjects

[1] Huang J.P., Huang C.P., Morehart A.L., Removal of Heavy Metals from Fungal Adsorption, In: "Heavy Metals in the Environment", Vernet, J.P. (Ed.), Elsevier 25, p. 329 (1991).
[2] Ho Y.S., Jhon-Wase D.A., Forester F.C.F., Batch Ni Removal from Aqueous Solution by Sphagnum Moss Peat, Water Res., 29, p. 1327 (1996).
[3] Puranik P.R., Pakniker K.M., Biosorption of Lead and Zinc from Solutions Using Streptoverticillium Cinnamoneum Distillation Sludge, J. Biotechnol., 55, p. 113 (1997).
[4] Kuyucak N., Volesky B., Accumulation of Cobalt by Marine Algae, Biotechnol. Bioeng., 33, p. 809 (1989).
[5] MooreT.W., "Inorganic Contaminants of Surface Water Residuals and Monitoring Priorities", Spinger Verlag,New York(1994).
[6] Lison D.D., Boeck Veroug-Straete M.V., Kirsch-Volders M., Update on the Genotoxicity and Carcinogen City of Cobalt Compounds, Occup. Environ. Med., 58, p. 619 (2001).
[7] Nourbakhsh M.Y., Sag D., Ozer Z., Aksu T., Katsal Calgar A., A Comparative Study of Various Biosorbents for Removal of Chromium (VI) ions from Industrial Wastewater, Process Biochem., 29, p. 1 (1994).
[8] Wong K.K., Lee C.K., Low K.S., Haron M.J., Removal of Cu and Pb from ERlectroplating Wastewater Using Tartaric Acid Modified Rice Husk, Process Biochem., 39  p. 437(2003).
[9] Baral S.S.N., Das T.S., Ramulu S.K., Sahoo S.N., Das G., Chaudhury R., Removal of Cr (VI.) by Thermally Activated Weed Salvinia Ccucullata in a Fixed-Bed Column, J. Hazard. Mater.,161 p. 1427 (2009).
[10] Iftikhar A.R. Bhatti H.N., Hanif M.A., Nadeem R., Kinetic and Thermodynamic Aspects of Cu (II ) and Cr (III ) Removal from Aqueous Solutions Using Rose Waste Biomass, J. Hazard. Mater., 161, p. 941 (2009).
[11] Ginisty P., Besnainou B., Sahut C., Guezennec J., Biosorption of Co by Pseudomonas Halodenitrificans: Influence of Cell Wall Treatment by Alkali and Alkaline-Earth Metals and Ion-Exchange Mechanisms, Biotechno. Lett., 20, p. 1035 (1998).
[12] Fourest E., Roux J.C., Heavy Metal Biosorption by Fungal Mycelial by-Products Mechanisms and Influence of pH, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 67, p. 215 (1992).
[13] Gadd G.M., Heavy Metal Accumulation by Bacteria and Other Microorganisms, Experientia, 46, p. 834 (1990).
[14] Shafqat F., Bhatti H.N., Hanif M.A., Zubair A., Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) Sorption from Aqueous Solution Using Rosa Gruss an Teplitz (Red Rose) Waste Biomass, J. Chil. Chem. Soc., 54 , p. 1565 (2008).
[15] Bhatti H.N., Samin S.,Hanif M.A., Enhanced Removal of Cu(II) and Pb(II) from Aqueous Solutions by Pretreated Biomass of Fusarium Solani, J. Chinese. Chem. Soc., 55, p. 1235 (2008).
[16] Javed M.A., Bhatti, H.N., Hanif M.A., Nadeem R., Kinetic and Equilibrium Modeling of Pb(II) and Co(II) Sorption on Rose Distillation Sludge, Sep. Sci. Technol., 42, p. 3641 (2007).
[17] Sag Y.I., Tata B., Kutsal T., Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) by Activated Sludge in Batch and Continuous-Stirred Reactors, Bioresour. Technolol., 87, p. 27 (2003).
[18] Salim R., Al-Subbu M.M.S., Qasho-A S., Removal of Lead from Polluted Water Using Decaying Leaves., J. Environ. Sci. Health, 29, p. 2087 (1994).
[19] Ozer D.Z., Aksu Kutsal T., Caglar A., Adsorption Isotherm of Lead (II) and Chromium (VI) on Cladophora Crispate, Environ. Technol., 15, p. 439 (1994).
[20] Bhatti H.N., Khalid R.,Hanif M.A., Dynamic Biosorption of Zn(II) and Cu(II) Using Pretreated Rosa Gruss an Teplitz (Red Rose) Ddistillation Sludge., Chem. Eng. J., 148, p. 434 (2009).
[21] Zubair A., Bhatti H.N., Hanif, M.A., Shafqat F., Kinetic and Eequilibrium Modeling for Cr(III) and Cr(VI) Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Citrus Reticulata Waste Biomass, Water Air Soil Pollut., 191, p. 305 (2008). 
[22]. Lagergren S., Zur Theorie Der Sogenannten Adsorption, Handlingar, 24, p. 1 (1898).
[23] Rostami K.H., Joodakin M.R., Some Studies of Cadmium Adsorption Using Aspergillus Niger, Penicillium Austurianum, Employing an Airlift Fermentor, Chem. Eng. J.,89, p. 239 (2002).
[24] Huang C., Huang C.P., Application of Aspergillus Oryzae and Rhizopus Oryzae for Cu(II) Removal, Water Res., 30, p. 1985 (1996).
[25] Cabuk A., Ilhan S., Filic C., Caliskan F., Pb (II) Bbiosorption by Pretreated Fungal Biomass, Turk. J.  Biol., 29, p. 23 (2005).
[26] Bhatti H.N., Bajwa I.I., Hanif M.A., Bukhari I.H., Removal of Lead and Cobalt Using Lignocellulosic Fiber Derived from Citrus Reticulata Waste Biomass, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 27, p. 218 (2008).
[27] Boota R., Bhatti H.N., Hanif M.A., Removal of Cu(II) and Zn(II) Using Lignocellulosic Fiber Derived from Citrus Reticulata (Kinnow) Waste Biomass, Sep. Sci. Technol., 44, p. 4000 (2009).
[28] Moreno-Castilla C.F., Carrasco-Marin F.J., Maldonado-Hodar Rivera-Utrilla J., Effects of Non-Oxidant and Oxidant Acid Treatments on the Surface Properties of an Activated Carbon with Very Low Ash Content, Carbon, 36, p. 145 (1997).
[29] Bhatti H.N.,Nasir A.W., Hanif M.A., Efficacy of Daucus Carota L. Waste Biomass for the Removal of Chromium from Aqueous Solutions, Desalination, 253, p. 78 (2010).
[30] Benguella B., Benaissa H., Cadmium Removal from Aqueous Solution by Chitin: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies, Water Res., 36, p. 2463 (2002).
[31] Yan G., Viraraghavan T., Effect of Pretreatment on Bioadsorption of Heavy Metals on Mucor Rouxii, Water SA., 26(1), p. 119 (2000).
[32] Birerley C.L., Bioremediation of Metal-Contaminated Surface and Ground Waters, Geomicrobiol. J., 8, p. 201 (1990).
[33] Loaec M., Olier R., Guezennec J., Uptake of Lead, Cadmium and Zinc by a Novel Bacterial Expolysaccharide, Water Res., 31, p. 1171 (1997).
[34] Cottrel I.W., Kovace P., Alginates, In "Hand Book of Water-Soluble Gums and Resins", Davidson, R. L. Ed., NewYork, McGraw-Hill, pp. 21-43 (1980).
[35] Fourest E., Volesky B., Contribution of Sulphonate Groups and Alginate to Heavy Metal Biosorption by the Dry Biomass of Sargassum Fluitans, Environ. Sci. Technolol., 30, p. 277 (1996).
[36] Bhatti H.N., Mumtaz B., Hanif M.A. Nadeem R., Removal of Zn (II) Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Moringa Oleifera Lam. (Horseradish Tree) Biomass, Process Biochem., 42, p. 547 (2007).