Adsorption Behavior of Cu(II) in Aqueous Solutions by SQD-85 Resin

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Applied Chemistry, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, 310012, CHINA


The adsorption and desorption properties of SQD-85 resin for Cu(II) had been investigated. A series of experiments were conducted in a batch system to assess the effect of the system variables, i.e. initial pH, contact time and temperature. The results show that the optimal pH for the adsorption was 5.99 in the HAc-NaAc system, and the maximum adsorption capacity was estimated to 324 mg/g at 298 K. The apparent activation energy Ea and adsorption rate constant k298K values were 6.19 kJ/mol and 9.73×10−5 s−1 , respectively. The isotherms of adsorption data fitted well to Langmuir model. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔG, ΔS, ΔH) suggested that Cu(II) adsorption by SQD-85 resin was endothermic and spontaneous in nature. Thomas model was applied to determine the characteristic parameters of column useful for process design. Desorption studies revealed that Cu(II) ion could be eluted with 1.0 mol/L HCl solution., which indicated that Cu(II) in aqueous solution could be removed and recovered by SQD-85 resin efficiently. Adsorption mechanism was also proposed for the adsorption of Cu(II) onto SQD-85 resin using FT-IR spectrometry technique.


Main Subjects

[1] Gupta S.S., Bhattacharyya K.G., Immobilization of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) Ions on Kaolinite and Montmorillonite Surfaces from Aqueous Medium, J. Environ. Manage., 87, p. 46 (2008).
[2] Liu F., Luo X., Lin X., Liang L., Chen Y., Removal of Copper and Lead from Aqueous Solution by Carboxylic Acid Functionalized Deacetylated Konjac Glucomannan, J. Hazard. Mater., 171, p. 802 (2009).
[3] Chantawong V., Harvey N.W., Bashkin V.N., Comparison of Heavy Metal Adsorptions by Thai Kaolin and Ballclay, Water. Air. Soil Pollut., 148, p. 111 (2003).
[4] Licínio M., Gando-Ferreira I.S., Romão M.J., Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies on Removal of Cu2+ and Cr3+ from Aqueous Solutions Using a Chelating Resin, Chem. Eng. J., 172, p. 277 (2011).
[5] Brix K.V., DeForest D.K., Adams W.J., Assessing Acute and Chronic Copper Risks to Freshwater Aquatic Life Using Species Sensitivity Distributions for Different Taxonomic Groups, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 20, p. 1846 (2001).
[6] He Z.L., Yang X.E., Stoffella P.J., Trace Elements in Agroecosystems and Impacts on the Environment, J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol., 19, p. 125 (2005).
[7] Babula P., Adam V., Opatrilova R., Zehnalek J., Havel L., Kizek R., Uncommon Heavy Metals, Metalloids and Their Plant Toxicity: a Review, Environ. Chem. Lett., 6, p. 189 (2008).
[8] Rengaraj S., Yeon J.W., Kim Y., Jung Y., Ha Y.K., Kim W.H., Adsorption Characteristics of Cu(II) Onto Ion Exchange Resins 252H and 1500H: Kinetics, Isotherms and Error Aanalysis, J. Hazard. Mater., 143, p. 469 (2007).
[9] Johnson P.D., Watson M.A., Brown J., Jefcoat I.A., Peanut Hull Pellets as a Single use Sorbent for the Capture of Cu (II) from Wastewater, Waste. Manag., 22, p. 471 (2002).
[10] Theophanides T., Anastassopoulou J., Copper and Ccarcinogenesis, Oncology. Hematology., 42, p. 57 (2002).
[11] Matlock M.M., Howerton B.S., Atwood D.A., Chemical Precipitation of Heavy Metals from Acid Mine Crainage, Water. Res., 36, p. 4757 (2002).
[12] Xiong C.H., Yao C.P., Wang Y.J., Adsorption Behaviour and Mechanism of Ytterbium (III) on Imino-Diacetic Acid Resin, Hydrometallurgy, 82, p. 190 (2006).
[13] Kondo K., Kamio E., Separation of Rare Earth Metals with a Polymeric Microcapsule Membrane, Desalination, 144, p. 249 (2002).
[14] Sharma I.G., Alex P., Bidaye A.C., Suri A.K., Electrowinning of Cobalt from Sulphate Solutions, Hydrometallurgy., 80, p. 132 (2005).
[15] Minowa H., Ebihara M., Separation of Rare Earth Elements from Scandium by Extraction Chromatography: Application to Radiochemical Neutron Activation Analysis for Trace Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples, Ana. Chim. Acta., 498, p. 25 (2003).
[16] Kampalanonwat P., Supaphol P., Preparation and Adsorption Behavior of Aminated Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Nanofiber Mats for Heavy Metal Ion Removal, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 2, p. 3619 (2010).
[17] Tan I.A.W., Ahmad A.L., Hameed B.H., Adsorption of Basic Dye Using Activated Carbon Prepared Fromoil Palmshell: Batch and Fixed Bed Studies, Desalination, 225, p. 13 (2005).
[18] Xiong C.H., Yao C.P., Preparation and Application of Acrylic Acid Grafted Polytetrafluoroethylene Fiber as a Weak Acid Cation Exchanger for Adsorption of Er(III), J. Hazard. Mater., 170, p. 1125 (2009).
[20] Gong B., Li X., Wang F., Chang X., Synthesis of Spherical Macroporous Epoxy-Dicyandiamide Chelating Resin and Properties of Concentration and Separation of Trace Metal Ions from Samples, Talanta, 52, p. 217 (2000).
[21] Alkan M., Kalay B., Dógan M., Özkan D., Removal of Copper Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Kaolinite and Batch Design, J. Hazard. Mater., 153, p. 867 (2008).
[22] Kampalanonwat P., Supaphol P., Preparation of Hydrolyzed Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Fiber Mats as Chelating Substrates: A Case Study on Copper(II) Ions, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 50, p. 11912 (2011).
[23] Chen Z., Ma M., Han M., Biosorption of Nickel and Copper Onto Treated Alga (Undaria Pinnatifida): Application of Isotherm and Kinetic Models, J. Hazard. Mater., 155, p. 327 (2008).
[24] Zhao X.W., Song N.Z., Jia Q.O., Zhou W.H., Studies on the Sorption of Cadmium(II), Zinc(II), and Copper(II) with PTFE Selective Resin Containing Primary Amine N1923 and Cyanex923. Ind. Eng.Chem.Res., 50, p. 4625(2011).
[25] Barros F.C.F., Sousa F.W., Cavalcante R.M., Carvalho T.V., Dias F.S., Queiroz  D.C., Vasconcellos L.C.G., Nascimento R.F., Removal of Copper, Nickel and Zinc Ions from Aqueous Solution by Chitosan-8-Hydroxyquinoline Beads, Clean, 36, p. 292(2008).
[26] Park K.H., Parhi P.K., Kang, N.H., Studies on Removal of Low Content Copper from the Sea Nodule Aqueous Solution using the Cationic Resin TP 207, Separ. Sci. Technol., 47, p. 1531(2012).
[27] Donia, A.M., Atia A.A., Rashad R.T., Fast Removal of Cu(II) and Hg(II) from Aqueous Solutions Using Kaolinite Containing Glycidyl Methacrylate Resin, Desalin. Water. Treat., 30, p. 254 (2011).
[28] Xiong C.H., Yao C.P., Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Triethylenetetramine Modified Polystyrene Resin in Removal of Mercury, Cadmium and Lead Fromaqueous Solutions, Chem. Eng. J., 155, p. 844 (2009).
[29] Srivastava V.C., Mall I.D., Mishra I.M., Adsorption Thermodynamics and Isosteric Heat of Adsorption of Toxic Metal Ions Onto Bagasse Ffly Ash (BFA) and Rice Huskash(RHA), Chem. Eng. J., 132, p. 267 (2007).
[30] Demirbas A., Pehlivan E., Gode F., Altun T., Arslan G., Adsorption of Cu(II), Zn(II),Ni(II), Pb(II), Cd(II)from Aqueous Solution on Amberlite IR-120 Synthetic Resin, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 282, p. 20 (2005).
[31] Langmuir I., The Constitution and Fundamental Properties of Solids and Liquids. Part I. Solids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 38, p. 2221 (1916).
[32] Freundlich  H.M.F., Uber Die Adsorption in Losungen,  Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 385, p. 57A (1906).
[33] Bhatti H.N., Akhtar N., Akhtar N., Adsorptive Removal of Methylene Blue by Low-Cost Citrus sinensis Bagasse: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Characterization, Arab J Sci Eng., 37, p. 9 (2012).
[34] Chen C.Y., Lin M.S., Hsu K.R., Recovery of Cu(II) and Cd(II) by a Chelating Resin Containing Aspartate Groups, J. Hazard. Mater., 152, p. 986 (2008).
[35] Malkoc E., Nuhoglu Y., Determination of Kinetic and Equilibriumparameters of the Batch Adsorption of Cr(VI) onto Waste Acorn of Quercus Ithaburensis, Chem. Eng. Proc., 46, p. 1020 (2007).