Adsorption of Cr(III) and Mg(II) from Hydrogen Peroxide Aqueous Solution by Amberlite IR-120 Synthetic Resin

Document Type : Research Article


1 Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

2 Technical and Engineering Section, HAVAYAR Industrial Group, Karaj, I.R. IRAN


In concentration of hydrogen peroxide, first, the solution should be quite pure, and then, it concentrate with methods such as vacuum distillation and cooling crystallization, because impurities in the hydrogen peroxide solution in high concentrations are causing decomposition of this substance; that is very dangerous. The purpose of this article is separation of chromium and magnesium cations from 35wt% commercial hydrogen peroxide solution  by ion exchange method with strong acid cation resin Amberlite IR-120 H+ with styrene divinylbenzene copolymer network and sulfunic acid functional group. In separation of chromium and magnesium, we used batch system and tank equipped with mixer. Effect of the amount of resin and contact time on the separation of cation is investigated. The metal ion concentration in the original solution and the metal ions left unsorbed were determined by Inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (Varian Vista ICP–AES) technique. In determining the effect of the amount of resin and contact time on separation of cation, amount of chromium and magnesium in hydrogen peroxide solution was 0.1 mg/mL, 0.3 mg/mL and 0.5 mg/mL. Experimental results obtained from the separation of chromium and magnesium compared with Freundlich, Langmuir and Jovanovic adsorption isothermal models. Results show that these models only in a certain range of concentration, are consistent with experimental results.  


Main Subjects

[1] "Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry". 6th. ed.,Wiley VCH, (1998).
[2] Lin Q., Jiang Y., Geng J., Qian Y., Removal of Organic Impurities with Activated Carbons for Ultra-Pure Hydrogen Peroxide Preparation, Chemical Engineering Journal 139, p. 264 (2008).
[3] Kirk-Othmer, "Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology", 5th. ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2008).
[4] Romero A., Santos A., Vicente F., Rodriguez S., Lafuente A.L., In Situ Oxidation Remediation Technologies: Kinetic of Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition on Soil Organic Matter, J. Hazard. Mater., 170, p. 627 (2009).
[5] Elliot R.B., Yan P., Young J.H., Purification of Hydrogen Peroxide, USP 3297404, (1957).
[6] Watanabe S., Ohura O.,Process for Preparing High Purity Hydrogen Peroxide, USP 5055286, (1988).
[7] Kirksey K., Purification of Hydrogen Peroxide, USP 4985228, (1990).
[8] Morris G.W., Feasey N.D., Purification of Hydrogen Peroxide, USP 5262058, (1990).
[9] Bianchi U.P., Leone U., Lucci M., Process for the Industrial Production of High Purity Hydrogen Peroxide, USP 6333018, (2001).
[10] Tanaka F., Sugawara I., Adachi T., Mine K., Process for Producing a Purified Aqueous Hydrogen Peroxide Solution, USP 6896867, (2005).
[11] Cavaco S.A., Fernandes S., Augusto C.M., Quina M.J., Gando-Ferreira L.M., Evalution of Chelating Ion-exchange Resins for Separating Cr(III) from Industrial Effluent, J. Hazard. Mater., 169, p. 516 (2009).
[12] Rengaraj S., Yeon J.-W., Kim Y., Jung Y.,.Haa Y.K., Kima W.H., Adsorption Characteristics of Cu(II) onto Ion Exchange Rresins 252H and 1500H: Kinetics, Isotherms and Error Analysis, J. Hazard. Mater., B 143, p. 469 (2007).
[13] Hamdaoui O., Removal of Copper (II) from Aqueous Phase by Purolite C100-MB Cation Exchange Resin in Fixed Bed Columns: Modeling, J. Hazard. Mater., 161, p. 737 (2009).
[14] Abo-Farha S.A., Abdel-Aal A.Y., Ashour I.A., Garamon S.E., Removal of Some Heavy Metal Cations by Synthetic Resin Purolite C100, J. Hazard. Mater., 169, p. 190 (2009).
[15] Demirbas A., Pehlivan E., Gode F., Altun T., Arslan G., Adsorption of Cu(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), Cd(II) from Aqueous Solution on Amberlite IR-120 Synthetic Resin, J. Colloid  Interface Sci., 282,
p. 20 (2005).
[16] Demirbas A., Heavy Metal Adsorption Onto Agro-Based Waste Materials: A Review, J. Hazard. Mater., 157, p. 220 (2008).
[17] Alguacil F.S., Alonso M., Lozano L.J., Chromium(III) Recovery from Waste Acid Solution by Ion Exchange Processing Using Amberlite IR-120 Resin: Batch and Continuous Ion Exchange Modeling, Chemosphere, 57, p. 789 (2004).
[18] Kocaoba S., Comparation of Amberlite IR120 and Dolomite’s Performances for Removal of Heavy Metals, J. Hazard. Mater., 147, p. 488 (2007).
[19] Alipour M., "B.Sc. Thesis", Iran University of Science and Technology (2010).
[20] Do D.D., "Adsorption Analysis: Equilibria and Kinetics", Imperial College Press, London, (1998).
[21] Bayat B., Comparative Study of Adsorption Properties of Turkish Fly Ashes. I.The Case of Nickel(II), Copper(II) and Zinc(II), J. Hazard. Mater., 95, p. 251 (2002).
[22] Langmuir I., The Adsorption of Gases on Plane Surfaces of Glass, Mica and Platinum, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 40(9), p. 1361 (1918).
[23] Kumar Jha M., Van Nguyen N., Lee J., Jeong J., Yoo J., Adsorption of Copper from Sulphate Solution of Low Copper Contents Using the Cationic Resin Amberlite IR120, J. Hazard. Mater., 164, p. 948 (2009).
[24] Oancea A.M.S., Drinkal C., Holl W.H., Evaluation of Exchange Equilibria on Strongly Acidic Ion Exchangers with Gel-Type, Macroporous and Macronet Structure, Reactive & Functional Polymers, 68, p. 492 (2008).