Model Reduction of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) for Control Purposes

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

2 Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Department, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University, Isfahan, I.R. IRAN


Fuel cells belong to an avant-garde technology family for a wide variety of applications including micro-power, transportation power, stationary power for buildings and other distributed generation applications. The first objective of this contribution is to find a suitable reduced model of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC). The derived reduced model is then used to design a state estimator. In the first step, the distributed model of the SOFC that is derived using the first principle balance equations is solved by the method of lines. Since this model is too complex and sluggish for real-time applications, a representation of this model with lower number of states and good accuracy is needed. Karhunen-Loève-Galerkin (KLG) procedure is used to develop such a reduced model.


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