Survey of Consumption Pattern, Exposure, and Risk Assessment of Aflatoxins in Different Animal Livers

Document Type : Research Article


1 Student Research Committee, Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Nutritional Sciences and Food Technology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, I.R. IRAN

2 Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Nutritional Sciences and Food Technology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, I.R. IRAN

3 Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center Research Institute for Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, I.R. IRAN

4 Departments of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN


Aflatoxins are a group of toxic and carcinogenic metabolites produced by fungal species that are found in a variety of foods. Due to the high consumption of liver in Iran and especially in Kermanshah province, in this study consumption patterns of liver types (Sheep, Cow, and Chicken), the aflatoxin levels of liver types (B1 and G1), and hazard indexes including Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) and Margin of Exposure (MOE) were investigated. Results showed that males had the highest liver consumption (52.3%) than females with a marked tendency toward consuming sheep liver (80.7%). The results of HPLC analysis indicated that aflatoxin G1 was detected in all types of the liver. Also, the mean concentration of aflatoxin in samples taken from autumn to winter in cows, sheep, and poultry liver was 1.823, 0.7605, and 0.446 μg/kg. The results of EDI show that the cow liver was 2.33 ng/kg bw/day and above the threshold and the MOE level for all three liver types showed a high risk of cancer with the chicken liver incurring the highest risk with MOE = 78.2. Therefore, it is required to adopt an effective strategy regarding community education, attention to food safety, and liver consumption in Kermanshah city.


Main Subjects

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