Removal of Ni (II) Ions from Wastewater by Raw and Modified Plant Wastes as Adsorbents: A Review

Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering Ramanathapuram, Ramanathapuram - 623 513, Tamil Nadu, INDIA

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Sethu Institute of Technology, Kariapatti - 626 115, Tamil Nadu, INDIA

3 Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering Dindigul, Dindigul - 624 622, Tamil Nadu, INDIA


Adsorption may be used to process significant metal particles in contaminated wastewater by various methods. The authors looked at various adsorbents for the expulsion of Ni(II) particles from an aquatic environment by different researchers. This paper aims to gather scattered open knowledge on a large variety of potentially persuasive adsorbents for the removal of Ni(II) particles. The present work on the usage of nickel by various natural/modified adsorbents was studied profoundly, for example, natural/modified agricultural waste, agricultural activated carbon, algae, fungal and, aquatic plant biomasses. This performance was assessed for removal efficiency and the sorbent capacity of used natural/waste materials in the system processes. Isotherm and kinetic study results were obtained from pH solution equilibrium contact time,  adsorbent dose, initial metal concentration, and temperature of various adsorbents toward the  Ni(II) particles to be examined. A documented analysis of reputed published papers revealed that industrial solid waste products, natural materials, and biosorbents have extraordinary Ni(II) adsorption ability from wastewater.


Main Subjects

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