Simulation of Methane Partial Oxidation in Porous Media Reactor for Hydrogen Production

Document Type : Research Article


K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, I.R. IRAN


The enactment of strict laws on reducing pollution and controlling combustion has given rise to the necessity of considering a new approach to energy supply in the future. One such approach is the use of hydrogen as an alternative to fossil fuels. Hydrogen and synthesis gas are typically produced through the partial oxidation of methane in porous media. This process was theoretically simulated in this study through the modeling of a tubular reactor filled with a porous medium. With a view to achieving increased hydrogen production, the investigation focused on the following tasks: The best equivalence ratio of fuel to air was determined, and the effects of reactor diameter and length were examined to identify the most favorable reactor size for hydrogen production. The effects of fuel flow rate and porous media properties, such as grain size and porosity, on hydrogen production, were also investigated.


Main Subjects

[1] Parthasarathy P., Sheeba Narayanan K., Hydrogen Production from Steam Gasification of Biomass: Influence of Process Parameters on Hydrogen Yield -A Review, Renewable Energy, 66: 550-579(2014).
[2] Trimis D., Durst F., Combustion in a Porous MediumAdvances and Applications, Combust. Sci. Technol., 68: 121-153(1996).
[3] Abdul Mujeebu, M., Abdullah, M.Z., Abu Bakar, M.Z., Mohamad A.A., Muhad, R.M.N., Abdullah, M.K., Combustion in Porous Media and Its Applications – A Comprehensive Survey, Journal of Environmental Management, 90: 2287–2312(2009)
[5] Babkin V., Filtrational Combustion of Gases. Present State of Affairs and Prospects, Pure. Appl. Chem., 44: 335-344 (1993).
[6] Pedersen-Mjaanes H., Chan L., Mastorakos E., Hydrogen Production from Rich Combustion in Porous Media, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 30(6): 579–92(2005).
[7] Pedersen-Mjaanes H., Mastorakos E., Optimization of Hydrogen Production from Rich Combustion of Methane in Porous Media, Proceedings of the European Combustion Meeting, (2005).
[8] Hsu P.F., Hoewll J.R., Mettews R.D., A Numerical Investigation of Premixed Combustion Within Porous Inert Media, ASME J. of Heat Transfer, 115(3): 744-750(1993).
[9] Howell,J.R., Hall, M.J. and Ellzey, J.L., Combustion Within Porous Inert Medium, ASME HTD, Heat Transfer in Porous Media and Two-Phase Flow, 302: 1-21 (1995).
[10] Miguel A.A. Mendes, Jose´ M.C. Pereira, Jose´ C.F. Pereira, Numerical Study of Methane TPOX Within a Small Scale Inert Porous Media Based Reformer, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(9): 4311-4321 (2014).
[11] Stelzner B., Keramiotis Ch., Voss S., Founti M.A., Trimis D., Analysis of the Flame Structure for Lean Methane–Air Combustion in Porous inert Media by Resolving the Hydroxyl Radical, Proceeding of Combustion Institute, 35(3): 3381- 3388 (2015).
[12] Han S., Park J., Song S., Min Chun K., Experimental and Numerical Study of Detailed Reaction Mechanism Optimization for Syngas (H2 + CO) Production by Non-Catalytic Partial Oxidation of Methane in a Flow Reactor, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35(16): 8762-8771 (2010).
[13] Brenner G., Pikenacker K., Pikenacker O., Trimis D., Wawrzinek K., Weber T., Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Matrix-Stabilized Methane/Air Combustion in Porous Media, Combust. Flame, 123(1-2): 201-213 (2000).
[14] Pan H.L., Pickenäcker O., Pickenäcker K., Trimis D., Weber T., “Experimental Determination of Effective Heat Conductivities of Highly Porous Media”, 5th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, Porto, 11-14 (2000).
[15] Malico I., Pereira J.C.F., Numerical Study on the Influence of Radiative Properties in Porous Media Combustion, ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 123(5): 951-957(2001).
[16] Al-Hamamre Z., Voss S., Trimis D., Hydrogen production by Thermal Partial Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Fuels in Porous Media Based Reformer, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34(2): 827–832(2009).
[17] Zhdanok S.A., Porous Media Combustion Based Hydrogen Production, European Combustion Meeting, (2003).
[18] M.R. Henneke, J.L. Ellzey, Modeling of Filtration Combustion in a Packed Bed, Combust Flame, 117(4): 817-832 (1999).
[19] Dhamrat R.S., Ellzey J.L., Numerical and Experimental Study of the Conversion of Methane to Hydrogen in a Porous Media Reactor, Combust. Flame, 144(4): 698-709 (2006).
[20] Hsu P.F., Matthews R.D., The Necessity of Using Detailed Kinetics in Models for Premixed Combustion Within Porous Media, Combust. Flame, 93(4): 457–466 (1993).
[21] Ehsani, M.R., Bateni, H., Razi Parchikolaei, Gh., Modeling of Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Mn/Na2WO4/SiO2 Catalyst Using Artificial Neural Network, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 32(3): 107-114 (2013).
[22] Babkin V.S., Propagation of Premixed gaseous Explosion Flame in Porous Media, Combust. Flame, 87(2): 182-190 (1991).
[23] Takeno T., Sato K., An Excess Enthalpy Theory, Combust. Sci. Technology, 20(1-2): 73–84 (1979).
[24] Vafai K., “Handbook of Porous Media, Third Edition”, Taylor & Francis Group (2015).
[25] Dobregoa K.V., Gnezdilova N.N., Leeb S.H., Choib H.K., Partial Oxidation of Methane in a Reverse Flow Porous Media Reactor, Water Admixing Optimization, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 33(20): 5535-5544 (2008).
[26] Zhdonak S.A., “Porous Media Combustion Based Hydrogen Production”, Heat and Mass Transfer Institute, National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus, (2010).