Flow and Heat Transfer Analysis of Nanofluid (CuO/water) Subject to Inclined Magnetic Field and Thermal Radiation: A Numerical Approach

Document Type : Research Article


1 Centre for Advanced Studies in Pure and Applied Mathematics (CASPAM), Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan-60800, PAKISTAN

2 Department of Basic Science and Humanities, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Engineering and Technology, Multan 60000, PAKISTAN


Nanofluids play an important role in order to augment of the heat transfer characteristics in many energy systems. As compared to usual fluids, nanofluids comprise better physical strength and thermal conductivity. Our aim in studying this work is to numerically interpret the flow and heat transfer features of copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles in the coexistence of thermal radiation and inclined magnetic fields. The model equations are first simplified by the similarity transformations and then finite difference discretization is used to apply the numerical technique known as the successive over-relaxation method. We have mainly examined that how much the thermal radiation and inclined magnetic field affect the nanofluid flow. The impacts of involved parameters are overlooked with the help of tabular and graphical representations. The consequences evidently point out that the effect of inclination is to devaluate the heat transfer and elevate the skin friction on the surface. The thermal radiation phenomenon is responsible for an increase in the temperature.


Main Subjects

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