Sodium Hydroxide Solution Pretreatment Effect on Anaerobic Digestion Process under Mesophilic Conditions

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Energy Engineering and Economic, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, I. R. IRAN

2 Chemistry Department, Basic Science Faculty, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

3 Mechanical Engineering Department, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN


Biogas, latent energy inside organic components, is a by-product of the anaerobic digestion process. Biogas validity depends on methane composition value. Some organic compounds are not easily accessible to active microorganisms in the anaerobic digestion process due to their nature and structure. These compounds are made available to microorganisms by pretreatment and methane composition is increased. In this study, alkaline pretreatment of solid organic wastes by sodium hydroxide solution was studied through the anaerobic digestion laboratory apparatus. A mixed feed of organic solid waste, previous-stage digested matter, and bovine excrement were considered. Three tests were designed. In the first test, the feed was without pretreatment. Solid organic wastes of the second and third tests were immersed in 0.5 M and 0.1 M sodium hydroxide solution for 24 hours in the laboratory, respectively. The setup was subjected to -0.75 barg vacuum and mesophilic temperature conditions. The mechanical stirrer in digester homogenized substrate medium. The digestion period lasted 40 days. The percentage composition of dry matter, organic matter, humidity, ash, carbon, and nitrogen of the feed and digested were measured. Produced biogas analyzed by gas chromatography. According to the results, produced biogas and methane volume respectively at the 3rd test compare to the 1st test increased 15.52% and 21.31%, and in the 3rd test compare to the 2nd test 19.52% and 2.3 times. Vice versa, produced biogas and methane volumes respectively at the 2nd test compare to the 1st test decreased 3.32% and 63.7%. Sodium hydroxide solution destroys the hard tissue of cellulose lignin and hydrolyzes organic polymers. However, in high concentrations acetogenic and methanogenic microorganisms are inhibited by producing volatile fatty acids and saponification.


Main Subjects

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