Investigating the Influence of Operating Conditions on the Combined Steam and Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane Performance in the Presence of Ni/ZrO2 Catalyst

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Chemical Engineering, Tafresh University, Tafresh, I.R. IRAN


In the present study, Ni/ZrO2 catalyst was synthesized via a co-precipitation approach, and its catalytic activity was evaluated in Combined Steam and Carbon dioxide Reforming of Methane (CSCRM) reaction at a temperature range of 773 K–1273 K, CO2:H2O ratio of 0.5-3 and (CO2 + H2O)/CH4 ratio of 0.5-3. The results demonstrated that the higher (CO2+H2O)/CH4 ratio and temperature were required for CH4 conversion of about 100%. The effect of CO2/H2O ratio was little on the CO and H2 yield. A (CO2+H2O)/CH4 ratio of 1.5 associated with CO2/H2O ratio of 0.5 at the minimum temperature of 1073 K was the required reaction condition for the synthesis gas (syngas) formation with H2/CO ratio of about 2. The temperature, type, and amount of the oxidizing agent greatly affected the amount of coke deposition. The least temperature of 1073 K and (CO2+H2O)/CH4 ratio higher than 1.5 irrespective of CO2:H2O ratio was obtained as proper operation conditions to avoid coke formation. Moreover, CO2 revealed a higher portion than H2O in coke formation in CSCRM reaction.


Main Subjects

[1] Fazeli SM., Bozorgzadeh H., Ravari F., Sadeghzadeh Ahari J., Dry Reforming of Methane Using Cold Plasma; Kinetic Model Study, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 39: 257-265 (2020).
[2] Mosayebi A., Abedini R., Effect of Synthesis Solution pH of Co/Al2O3 Catalyst on Its Catalytic Properties for Methane Conversion to Syngas, J. Fuel. Chem. Technol., 46: 311-318 (2018).
[4] Haghtalab A., Shariati J., Mosayebi A., Experimental and Kinetic Modeling of Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis over Nano Structure Catalyst of Co–Ru/Carbon Nanotube, React. Kinet. Mech.Catal., 126: 1003-1226 (2019).
[5] Mosayebi A., Nasabi M., Abedini R., Evaluation and Modeling of Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis in Presence of a Co/ZrO2 Catalyst, Petrol. Sci. Technol., 37: 2338-2349 (2019).
[6] Trépanier M., Tavasoli A., Anahid S., Dalai AK., Deactivation Behavior of Carbon Nanotubes Supported Cobalt Catalysts in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 30: 37-47 (2011).
[8] Nasabi M., Labbafi M., Hadinezhad M., Khanmohammadi M., Bagheri Garmarudi A., Investigation of TiO2 Nanoparticle Efficiency on Decolourisation of Industrial Date Syrup, Int. J. Food. Sci. Technol., 48: 316-323 (2013).
[9] Habibi N., Wang Y., Arandiyan H., Rezaei M., Effect of Substitution by Ni in MgAl2O4 Spinel for Biogas Dry Reforming, Int. J. Hydrogen. Energy., 42: 24159-24168 (2017).
[12] Mosayebi A., Abedini R., Partial Oxidation of Butane To Syngas Using Nano-Structure Ni/zeolite Catalysts, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20:1542–1548 (2014).
[13] Shahnazari M.R., Lari H.R., Zia Basharhagh M., Simulation of Methane Partial Oxidation in Porous Media Reactor for Hydrogen Production, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE)38: 201-212 (2019).
[14] fazeli S.M., Bozorgzadeh H.R., Ravari F., Sadeghzadeh Ahari J.,  Dry Reforming of Methane Using Cold Plasma; Kinetic Model Study, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE)39: 257-265 (2020).
[16] Roh HS., Koo KY., Joshi UD., Yoon, WL., Combined H2O and CO2 Reforming of Methane Over Ni-Ce-ZrO2 Catalysts for Gas to Liquids (GTL), Catal. Letter., 125: 283-288 (2008).
[17] Jang W.J., Jeong D.W., Shim J.O., Kim H.M., Roh H.S., Seung I.H., Lee, J., Combined Steam and Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane and Side Reactions: Thermodynamic Equilibrium Analysis and Experimental Application, Appl. Energy., 173: 80-91 (2016).
[19] Nasabi M., Labbafi M., Khanmohammadi M., Optimizing Nano TiO2 Assisted Decoloration Process for Industrial Date Syrup Utilizing Response Surface Methodology, J. Food. Process. Eng., 40: e12537 (2017).
[21] Mosayebi A., Methanol Steam Reforming over Co-Cu-Zn/Al2O3 Catalyst: Kinetic and RSM-BBD Modeling Approaches, Int. J. Energy Res., 45: 3288-3304 (2021).
[22] Roh H.S., Koo KY., Jeong J.H., Seo Y.T., Seo D.J., Seo Y.S., Combined Reforming of Methane over Supported Ni Catalysts, Catal. Letter., 117: 85–90 (2007).
[23] Mosayebi A., Abedini R., The Effect of Nanoclay on The Viscosity of Crude Oil, Adv. Sustain. Petrol. Eng. Sci., 3:147-153 (2011).
[24] Yang E.H., Noh Y.S., Hong G.H., Moon D.J., Combined Steam and CO2 Reforming of Methane Over La1-xSrxNiO3 Perovskite Oxides, Catal. Today., 299: 242-250 (2018).
[26] Batebi D., Abedini R., Mosayebi A., Combined Steam and CO2 Reforming of Methane (CSCRM) over Ni–Pd/Al2O3 Catalyst for Syngas Formation, Int. J. Hydrogen. Energy., 45:14293-14310 (2020).
[28] Mosayebi A., Abedini R., Bakhshi H., Ni@Pd Nanoparticle with Core-Shell Structure Supported over γ-Al2O3 for Partial Oxidation Process of Butane to Syngas, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy., 42: 18941-18950 (2017).
[30] Yu S., Hu Y., Cui H., Cheng Z., Zhou Z., Ni-Based Catalysts Supported on MgAl2O4 with Different Properties for Combined Steam and CO2 Reforming of Methane, Chem. Eng. Sci., 232:116379 (2021).
[31] Dan M., Mihet M., Borodi G., Lazar MD., Combined Steam and Dry Reforming of Methane for Syngas Production From Biogas Using Bimodal Pore Catalysts, Catal. Today., 366: 87-96 (2021).
[32] Özkara-Aydinoǧlu S., Thermodynamic Equilibrium Analysis of Combined Carbon Dioxide Reforming with Steam Reforming of Methane to Synthesis Gas, Int. J. Hydrogen. Energy., 35: 12821–12828 (2010).
 [33] Nakhaei Pour A., Mousavi M., Combined Reforming of Methane by Carbon Dioxide and Water: Particle Size Effect of Ni–Mg Nanoparticles, Int. J. Hydrogen. Energy, 40:12985–12992 (2015).
[34] Zhao K., Wang W., Li Z., Highly Efficient Ni/ZrO2 Catalysts Prepared via Combustion Method for CO2 Methanation, J. CO2. Utili., 16: 236–244 (2016).
 [35] Ruckenstein E., Wang H.Y., Carbon Deposition and Catalytic Deactivation During CO2 Reforming of CH4 over Co/Al2O3 Catalysts, J. Catal., 205: 289-293 (2002).
[36] Ding C., Ai G., Zhang K., Yuan Q, Han Y, Ma X., Wang J., Liu S., Coking Resistant Ni/ZrO2@SiO2 Catalyst for the Partial Oxidation of Methane to Synthesis Gas, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 40: 6835-6843 (2015).