Synthesis and Characterization of Modified Resins and Their Selective Sorption Towards Rhenium from Binary (Re & Mo) Solutions

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Mining Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, I.R. IRAN

2 Faculty of Polymer Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, I.R. IRAN


Three amine-functionalized resins were prepared by suspension polymerization of vinyl-benzyl chloride, divinylbenzene, and subsequent amination process. The effect of chain length and cyclic amine on the performance of resins was investigated in a multicomponent system (Re & Mo). Different amines were used in the investigation. Different analyses such as Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform InfraRed (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), Kiejdahl’s and Volhard’s methods were used to characterize the synthesized resins. The synthesized resins then were assayed in a batch mode using binary solutions of Re(VII) and Mo to evaluate their efficiency in the selective sorption of rhenium ions. Among all investigated resins, resin C revealed better separation properties in acidic solution (pH=1) with the highest sorption capacity up to 46.4 mg Re/g and a distribution coefficient of 870 that is more attributed to a steric barrier created against the polymeric molybdenum ions that are larger than objective ions in the studied system.


Main Subjects

[1] Xiong Y., Chen C., Gu X., Biswas B. K., Shan W., Lou Z., Fang D. and Zang S., Investigation on the Removal of Mo (VI) from Mo–Re Containing Wastewater by Chemically Modified Persimmon Residua, Bioresour. Technol., 102(13): 6857-6862 (2011).
[2] Bryce C., Waterman B., Shaw M., Pilot Plant Testing of a New Process for Rhenium Recovery from Copper PLS, Min. Eng., 9(66): 1-6 (2014).
[3] Ghanbari Pakdehi S. and Alipour M., Adsorption of Cr (III) and Mg (II) from Hydrogen Peroxide Aqueous Solution by Amberlite IR-120 Synthetic Resin, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 32(2): 49-55 (2013).
[4] Blokhin A.A., Maltseva E.E., Murashkin J.V., Pleshkov M.A., Mikhaylenko M.A., Sorption Recovery of Rhenium from Acidic Sulfate and Mixed Nitrate-Sulfate Solutions Containing Molybdenum, 7th International Symposium on Technetium and Rhenium-Science and Utilization, (2011).
[5] Nebeker N., Hiskey J. B., Recovery of Rhenium from Copper Leach Solution by Ion Exchange, Hydrometallurgy, 125: 64-68 (2012).
[6] van Deventer J. and Mikhaylenko M., Notes of Practical Application of Ion Exchange Resins in Uranium Extractive Metallurgy, Uranium Conference, ALTA, 28 (2009).
[7] Fathi M.B., Rezai B., Alamdari E. K., Alorro R.D., Studying Effects of Ion Exchange Resin Structure and Functional Groups on Re (VII) Adsorption onto Purolite A170 and Dowex 21K, Journal of Mining and Environment, 9(1): 243-254 (2018).
[8] Fathi M.B., Nezhadshahmohammadi F., Rezai B., Alorro R.D., Investigation on Effects of Ion Exchangers Structure and Functional Groups on the Re (VII) Ions Adsorption Behavior from Aqueous Solution, Geosystem Eng., 22(3): 119-128 (2019).
[10] Amphlett J.T.M., Ogden M.D., Foster R.I., Syna N., Soldenhoff K.H., Sharrad C.A., The Effect of Contaminants on the Application of Polyamine Functionalised Ion Exchange Resins for Uranium Extraction from Sulfate Based Mining Process Waters, Chem. Eng. J., 354: 633-640 (2018).
[11] Cyganowski P., Polowczyk I., Morales D.V., Urbano B.F., Rivas B.L., Bryjak M., Kabay N., Synthetic Strong Base Anion Exchange Resins: Synthesis and Sorption of Mo(VI) and V(V), Polym. Bull., 75(2): 729-746 (2018).
[12] Cho E., Lee J.J., Lee B.S., Lee K.W., Yeom B., Lee T.S., Cesium Ion-Exchange Resin Using Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate for Binding to Prussian Blue, Chemosphere, 244: 1-9 (2020).
[13] Han S., Zang Y., Gao Y., Yue Q., Zhang P., Kong W., Jin B., Xu X. and Gao B., Co-Monomer Polymer Anion Exchange Resin for Removing Cr(VI) Contaminants: Adsorption Kinetics, Mechanism and Performance, Sci. Total Environ., 709: 1-10 (2020).
[15] Zhang B., Liu H.Z., Wang W., Gao Z.G., Cao Y.H., Recovery of Rhenium from Copper Leach Solutions Using Ion Exchange with Weak Base Resins, Hydrometallurgy, 173: 50-56 (2017).
[16] Troshkina I.D., Veselova O.A., Vatsura F.Y., Zakharyan S.V., Serikbay A.U., Sorption of Rhenium from Sulfuric Acid Solutions with Trialkylamine-Containing Impregnates, Russ. J. Non-Ferr. Met., 58(6): 608-613 (2017).
[20] Dąbrowska J. and Jermakowicz-Bartkowiak D., Modificated Polymers Towards Rhenium Sorption and Desorption, Proceedings of the XXIII International Symposium on Physico-Chemical Methods of Separation, 6 (2008).
[21] Kholmogorov A., Kononova O., Kachin S., Ilyichev S., Kryuchkov V., Kalyakina O., Pashkov G., Ion Exchange Recovery and Concentration of Rhenium from Salt Solutions, Hydrometallurgy, 51(1): 19-35 (1999).
[22] Jermakowicz-Bartkowiak D., Kolarz B.N., Poly (4-vinylpyridine) Resins Towards Perrhenate Sorption and Desorption, React. Funct. Polym., 71(2): 95-103 (2011).
[23] Trochimczuk A.W., Kolarz B.N., Jermakowicz-Bartkowiak D., Metal Ion Uptake by Ion-Exchange/Chelating Resins Modified with Cyclohexene Oxide and Cyclohexene Sulphide, Eur. Polym. J., 37(3): 559-564 (2001).
[24] Xiong Y., Xu J., Shan W., Lou Z., Fang D., Zang S., Han G., A New Approach for Rhenium (VII) Recovery by Using Modified Brown Algae Laminaria Japonica Adsorbent, Bioresour. Technol., 127: 464-472 (2013).
[26] Jermakowicz-Bartkowiak D., A Preliminary Evaluation on the Use of the Cyclam Functionalized Resin for the Noble Metals Sorption, React. Funct. Polym., 67(12): 1505-1514 (2007).
[27] Lou Z., Zhao Z., Li Y., Shan W., Xiong Y., Fang D., Yue S., Zang S., Contribution of Tertiary Amino Groups to Re (VII) Biosorption on Modified Corn Stalk: Competitiveness And Regularity, Bioresour. Technol., 133: 546-554 (2013).
[28] Mikhaylenko M. and Blokhin A., Ion Exchange Resins Tailored for Effective Recovery and Separation of Rhenium, Molybdenum and Tungsten, SME Annual Meeting, 12 (2012).