Modeling of Anaerobic Digestion of Complex Substrates

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, P.O. Box 11365-8486, Tehran, I.R. IRAN & Department of Chemical Engineering, Tehran University, P.O. Box 11365-4563, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Tehran University, P.O. Box 11365-4563, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

3 Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, P.O. Box 11365-8486, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

A structured mathematical model of anaerobic conversion of complex organic materials in non-ideally cyclic-batch reactors for biogas production has been developed. The  model is based on multiple-reaction stoichiometry (enzymatic hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis and methanogenesis), microbial growth kinetics, conventional material balances in the liquid and gas phases for a cyclic-batch reactor, liquid-gas interactions, liquid-phase equilibrium reactions and a simple mixing model which considers the reactor volume in two separate sections: the flow-through and the retention regions. The dynamic model describes the effects of reactant’s distribution resulting from the mixing conditions, time interval of feeding, hydraulic retention time and mixing parameters on the process performance. The model is applied in the simulation of anaerobic digestion of cattle manure under different operating conditions. The model is compared with experimental data and good correlations are obtained.

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