1Department of Food Science & Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Biosystem Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 31587-78659 Karaj, I.R. IRAN
2Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P5 CANADA
Enzyme efficiency was investigated in the lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of canola oil in supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2). Immobilized lipase from Mucor miehie (Lipozyme IM) was used as the catalyst and the results showed that enzyme efficiency dropped at high pressures indicating a possible change in enzyme microstructure. Therefore, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used as a supplementary tool to investigate microstructural stability of the enzyme under supercritical conditions. SEM images of the treated enzymes did not demonstrate any apparent structural changes with a change in pressure (24.0 and 38.0 MPa), enzyme load of the reactor (1.0 and 5.0 g), CO2 flow rate (0.5 and 3.9 L/min) and the oil content (extracted from 3.0 and 15.0 g canola flakes) of SCCO2. However, a change at the molecular level is a possibility, which requires further investigation.
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