Absorption of Lead Ions by Various Types of Steel Slag

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

Faculty of Engineering, University of Shahrekord, P.O. Box 115 Shahrekord, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

Steel slags are the by products of steel industries, which forms during reduction process of iron melting. The chemical composition of it changes depending to the melting procedure. Its mineralogical composition also varies based on the cooling procedure. Two different types of steel slag were used as absorbing bed for various concentrations of Pb2+ ions in the form of lead chloride, and the concentrations of lead ions were measured in the effluent by atomic absorption spectroscopy. When Electric Arc Furnace slag (EAFS) which is a basic crystalline slag was used in the presence of various concentrations of Pb2+, ranging from 2mg/lit up to 10 mg/lit.  The concentration of lead ions dramatically decreased in the first thirty 30 minute and the remaining ions were absorbed up to 48 hours that the reaction was continuing but with slower rate.  Almost the same thing happened when granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS) which is also a basic slag but in the amorphous mineralogical form, was used as the absorbing bed. The extent of ion removal from the solution was much lower compared to EAFS. Based on the results of this study, both types of slags can be used as industrial filters for reduction of lead ions from industrial waste waters.   

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Geiseler, J., “Use of Steelworks Slag in Europe”. Waste Manage, Oxford, 16 (1-3), 59-63, (1996).
[2] Li, Y., “The Use of Waste Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag and Hydrogen Peroxide to Degrade 4-chloro-phenol”, Waste Manage, Oxford, 19, 495-502, (1999).
[3] Ramakrishina, K., Viraraghavan, T., “Use of Slag for Dye Removal”, Waste Manage, Oxford, 17 (8), 483-488, (1997).
[4] Dimitrova, S., Use of Granular Slag Columns for Lead Removal, Water Res., 36, 4001 (2002). Dimitrova, S., Mehanjiev, D., “Interaction of Blast-Furnace Slag with Heavy Metal Ions in Water Solutions, Water Res., 34 (6), 1957 (2000).
[5] Mann, R., Bavor, H., Phosphorus Removal in Constructed Wetlands Using Gravel and Industrial Waste Substrata, Water Sci. Technol., 27 (1), 107 (1993).
[6] Ortiz, N., Pires, M., Bressiani, J., “Use of Steel Converter Slag as Nickel Adsorber to Wastewater Treatment”, Waste Manage, Oxford, 21, 631-635, (2001).
[7] Yan, J., Moreno, L., Neretnieks, I., “The Long-Term Acid Neutralizing Capacity of Steel Slag”, Waste Manage, Oxford, 20, 217-223, (2000).
[8] Patterson, J.W., “Industrial Wastewater Treatment Technology”, 2nd Ed., Stoneham, MA: Butterworth, (1985).
[9] Macchi, G., Pagano, M., Santori, M., Tiravani, C., Battery Industry Wastewater: Pb Removal and Produced Sludge, Water Res., 27, 1511 (1993).
[10] Ashirov, A., “Ion Exchanges Treatment of  Waste-water, Solution and Gases”, Petersburg, St., Russia: Chemistry, (1983).
[11] Groffman, A., Peterson, S., Brookins, D., Removing Lead from Wastewater Using Zeolites, Water Environ. Technol., 5, 54 (1992).
[12] Smith, E., Amini, A., “Lead Removal in Fixed Beds by Recycled Iron Material”, J. Environ. Eng., 126, 58 (2000).
[13] Dimitrova, S., Mehandjiev, D., Lead Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag, Water Res., 32, 3289 (1998).
[14] Dushina, A., Aleskovski, V., Ion Exchange as First Stage of the Solid Substance Transformation into Electrolytic Solutions, J. Appl. Chem., 49, 41 (1976).
[15] Yamashita, K., Ikenata, T., Tate, K., Nakahara, K., Method of Removing Dissolved Heavy Metals from Aqueous Waste Liquids, US Patent, 4377483, (1983).
[16] Dimitrova, S., Mehandjiev, D., Interaction of Blast Furnace Slag whit Heavy Metal Ions in Water Solutions, Water Res., 34,1957 (2000).
[17] Dimitrova, S.V., Use of Granular Slag Columns for Lead Removal, Water Research, 36, 4001 (2002).