1Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, I.R. IRAN
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, I.R. IRAN
3Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC CANADA
The decolorization of Maxilon-red dye by Kissiris immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium in the trickle-bed reactor (TBR) using the basal nitrogen-limited growth medium was studied. The influence of the superficial liquid velocity (SLV) on the decolorizing ability of the fungus was examined at four SLVs (cm sec-1): 0.05, 0.075, 0.1, and 0.15. Maximum level of the decolorizing activity was about 94 % by day 4-5 of the process when the TBR operated at SLV=0.075 to 0.1 cm sec-1. At these SLVs, the maximum activities of the lignin peroxidase (LiP) and the manganese peroxidase (MnP) were (UL-1): 87 and 207, respectively. In a successive decolorization of the tested dye in a continuous dye addition in the TBR when glucose level decreased to 2 gL-1, significant reduction in the characteristics of the interest were observed. While by controlling the glucose concentration, these properties were improved considerably: The decolorizing ability of the Kissiris immobilized mycelia was more than 85 % after nearly 20 days of the process while the maximum activities of the LiP and the MnP were (UL-1): 320 and 151, respectively. Considerable levels of the enzyme activities were detected by day 19 and after 11 times of the dye additions.
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