Highly Selective Perchlorate Membrane Electrode Based on Synthesized Schiff Base Complex

Document Type: Research Note


1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Yazd University, P.O. Box 89195-74 Yazd, I.R. IRAN

2 Department of Chemistry, Payam Noor University, Ardakan Branch, Ardakan, I.R. IRAN

3 Department of Chemistry, Tarbiat Moalem University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

4 Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan, I.R. IRAN


In this work we introduce a practical use of synthesized Schiff base metal complex in sensing application. A new perchlorate-selective electrode based on the complex N, N'-4-nitro-phenylmethanebis-(salicylaldiminato) copper (II) [CuL] as the membrane carrier was developed. The electrode exhibits a good  Nernstian slope of -55.0 ± 1.0 mV/decade and a linear range of  for perchlorate. The limit of detection is . It has a fast response time <15s and can be used for more than three months. The selective coefficients of Perchlorate-selective electrode were determined by the Fixed Interference Method (FIM) and Fixed Primary ion Method (FPM), and could be used in the pH range 4.0-9.0. It was employed as an indicator electrode for direct determination of perchlorate in real samples.


Main Subjects

[1] Urbansky E.T., Brown S.K., Magnuson M.L., Kelty C.A., Perchlorate Level in Samples of Sodium Nitrate Fertilizer Derived from Chilean Calich, Environ. Pollut., 112, p. 299 (2001).

[2] Urbansky E.T., Perchlorate as an Environmental Contaminant, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int., 9, p. 187 (2002).

[3] Motzer W.E., Perchlorate: Problems, Detection, and Solutions, Environ. Forencics, 2, p. 301 (2001).

[4] Rodriguez A.F., Davidson H.G., Villadiego M.S., Fernandez A.M., Lacave I.M., Sanz J.F., Induction of Thyroid Proliferative Changes in Rats Treated with Antithyroid Compound, Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology, 20, p. 289 (1991).

[5] Wolff J., Perchlorate and the Thyroid Gland, Pharmacological Reviews, 50, p. 89 (1998).

[6] NationalAcademyof Sciences, "Health implications of perchlorate ingestion", Prepublication copy, National Research Council of the National Academics, (2005).

[7] USEPA, "US EPA Headquarters Press Release: EPA Sets References Dose for Perchlorate", Retrieved 14 March (2005).

[8] Atwood D.A., HarveyM.J., Group 13 Compounds Incorporating Salen Ligands, Chem. Rev., 101, p 37 (2001).

[9] Johnson C.P., Atwood J.L., Steed J.W., Bauer C.B., RogersR. D., Transition Metal Complexes of
p-Sulfonatocalix [5] Arene, Inorg. Chem., 35, p. 2602 (1996).

[10] Alizadeh N., Ershad S., Naeimi H., Sharghi H., Shamsipur M., Synthesis of a New Naphthol-Derivative Salen and Spectrophotometric Study of the Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Its Complexation with Copper(II)Ion in Binary Dimethylsulfoxide-Acetonitril Mixtures, Pol. J. Chem., 73, p. 915 (1999).

[11] Bühlman P., Prestsch E., Bakker E., Carrier-Based Ion-Selective Electrodes and Bulk Optodes. 2. Ionophores for Potentiometric and Optical sensors, Chem. Rev., 98, p. 1593 (1998).

[12] Bakker E., Bühlman P., Prestch E., Carrier-Based Ion-Selective Electrodes and Bulk Optodes. 1. General Characteristics, Chem. Rev., 97, 3083 (1997).

[13] Shamsipur M., Sadeghi S., Naeimi H., Sharghi H., Iodide Ion-Selective PVC Membrane Electrode Based on a Recently Synthesized Salen-Mn(II) Complex, Pol. J. Chem., 74, p. 231 (2000).

[14] Mazloum  Ardakani  M.,  Mashhadizadeh  M. H., Karimi M. A., Azimi M.S., Iranpoor F., Salavati-Niasari M., Potentiomentric Membrane Electrode for Nitrate Based on 1,8-Bis(Salicyladiminato)-3,6Dioxaoctane Ni(II), Chem. Anal. 52, p. 1 (2007)

[15] Jain A.K., Jahan M., Tyagi V., Liquid-Membrane Perchlorate-Selective Electrode, Analyst, 112, p. 1355 (1987).

[16] Hassan S.S.M., Elsaied M.M., A New Liquid-Membrane Electrode for Selective Determination of Perchlorate, Talanta, 33, p 679 (1986).

[17] Bäck S., Selectivity Studies on Anion-Selective Membrane Electrodes, Anal. Chem., 44, p. 1696 (1972).

[18] Kataoka M., Kambara T., A Liquid Membrane Type Perchlorate Ion-Selective Electrode, J. Electroanal. Chem., 73, p. 279 (1976).

[19] Mazloum Ardakani M., Salavati M., Dastanpoor A., A Highly Selective Nitrate Electrode Based on a Tetramethyl Cyclotetra- Decanato- Nickel(II) Complex, J. Electroanal. Chem., 568, p. 1 (2004).

[20] Mazloum Ardakani M., Salavati M., Jamshidpoor M., Selective Nitrate Poly(Vinylchloride) Membrane Electrode Based on Bis(2-Hydroxyacetophenone) Ethylenediimine Vanadyl (IV), Sens. and Actuators B Chemical, 101, p. 302 (2004).

[21] Mazloum  Ardakani  M.,  Salavati  M.,  Sadeghi  A., Novel Selective thiocyanate PVC Membrane Electrode Basedon New Schi_Base Complex of 2.2-[(1,3-Dimethyl- 1,3-Propanediylidene) Dinitrilo] Bis[Benzenethiolato Cadmium(II), New J. Chem., 28, p. 595 (2004).

[22] Amini M.K.,  Mazloum Ardakani M.,  Ensafi A.A., Lead Selective membrane Electrode Using Cryptant (2,2,2) Neutral Carrier, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 364, p. 690 (1999).

[23] Kamata S., Bhal A., Fakunaga Y., Marata A., Copper(II)-Selective Electrode Using Thiuram Disulfide Neutral Carriers, Anal. Chem., 60, p. 2464 (1988).

[24] Amemiya S., Bühlmann P., Pretsch E., Cationic or Anionic Sites Selectivity Optimization of Ion-Selective Electrodes Based on Charged Ionophores, Anal. Chem., 72, p. 1618 (2000).

[25] Schaller U., Bakker E., Pretsch E.,Carrirer Mechanism of Acidic Ionophores in Solvent Polymeric Membrane Ion-Selective Electrodes, Anal. Chem. 67, p. 3123 (1995).

[26] Mazloum Ardakani M., Jalayer M., Naeimi H., Zare H.R., Moradi L., Perchlorate-Selective Membrane Electrode Based on a New Complex of Uranil, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 381, p. 1186 (2005).

[27] Ammann D.,  Pretsch E.,  Simon W.,  Lindner E., Bezegh A., Pungor E., Lipophilic Salts as Membrane Additive and thier Influence on the Properties of Macro- and Micro-Electrodes Based on Neutral Carriers, Anal. Chim. Acta, 171, p. 119 (1985).

[28] Mazloum-Ardakani M., Iranpoor F., Karimi M. A., Salavati-Niasari M.,A New Selective Membrane Electrode for Oxalate Based on N,N'-Bis(Salicylidene) -2,2-Dimethylpropane-1,3 Diamine Ni(II), Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 29, p. 398 (2008).

[29] Huser M.,  Gehrig P.M.,  Morf W.E.,  Simon W., Lindner C., Jeney J., Toth K., Pungor E., Membrane Technology and Dynamic Response of Ion-Selective Liquid-Membrane Electrodes, Anal. Chem., 63, p. 1380 (1991).

[30] Wegmann D.,  Weiss H.,  Ammann D.,  Morf W.E., Pretsch E., Sagahara K., Simon W., Anion-Selective Liquid Membrane Electrodes Based On Lipohilic Quaternary ammonium Compounds, Mikrochim. Acta 1-2, p. 1 (1984).

[31] Buck R. P., Ion Selective Electrodes, Potentiometry, and Potentiometric Titrations, Anal. Chem., 44, p. 270 (1972).

[32] Buck R. P., Lindner E., Recommendation for Nomenclature of Ion-Sensitive Electrodes, Pure Appl. Chem., 66, p. 2527 (1994).

[33] Danuert S., Wallace S., FloridaA., Bachas L. G., Anion-Selective Electrodes Based on Electropolymerized Porphyrin Films, Anal. Chem., 63, p. 1676 (1991).

[34] Sanchez-Pedreno  C.,  Ortuno  J. A.,  Hernandez J., Perchlorate-Selective Polymeric Membrane Electrode Bsed on a Gold(I) Complex: Application to Water and Urine Analysis, Anal. Chim. Acta, 415, p. 159 (2000).

[35] Shamsipur  M.,  Soleymanpour  A.,  Akhond  M., Sharghi H., Hasaninejad A. R., Perchlorate Selective Membrane Electrodes Based on a Phosphorus(V) Tetraphenylporphyrin Complex, Sen. and Actuators B, 89, p. 9 (2003).

[36] Olmos R.P.,  Rios A.,  Martin M.P.,  Lapa R.A.S., Lima J. L. F. C., Construction and Evaluation of Ion Selective Electrodes for Perchlorate with a Summing Operational Amplifer: Application to Pyrotechnics Mixtures Analysis, Analyst, 124, p. 97 (1999).

[37] Tatyana A. B., Thomas C. H., Long-Lived Solid State Perchlorate Ion Selective Sensor Based on Doped Poly (3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) Films, Anal. Chim. Acta, 551, p. 30 (2005).

[38] Sabater  J.L.,  Seguí  M.J.,  Lloris  J.M.,  Martínez-Máñez R., Pardo T., Sancenón F., Soto J., New Membrane Perchlorate-Selective Electrodes Containing Polyazacycloalkanes as Carriers, Sens. and Actuators B Chemical, 101, p. 20 (2004).

[39] Rezaei B., Meghdadi S., Bagherpour S., Perchlorate-Selective Polymeric Membrane Electrode Based on Bis(Dibenzoylamethanato) Cobalt(II) Complex as a Neutra Carrier, J. Haz. Mat., 161, p. 641 (2009).

[40] Soleymanpour A.,  Hamidi asl E.,  Nabavizadeh S. M., Perchlorate Selective Membrane Electrodes Based on Synthesized Platinum(II) Complexes for Low-Level Concentration Measurements, Sens. and Actuators B Chemical, 120, p. 447 (2007).

[41] Arvand M., Pourhabib A., Shemshadi R., Giahi M., The Potentiometric Behavior of Polymer Supported Metallophthalocyanines as Anion Selective Electrodes, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 387, p. 1033 (2007).