Density and Temperature Dependencies of Liquid Surface Tension

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

Faculty of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9516 Tehran, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

In this paper the density and temperature dependencies of surface tension are investigated. Using the Lennard-Jones (12,6), as an effective pair interaction potential, a linear expression is derived for isotherms of g /r2  versus r2 for some normal and ChloroFluoroCarbons (CFCs) fluids, where  is surface tension and r = 1/v is molar density. The linearity behavior of the derived equation is well fitted onto the experimental data of surface tension for monatomic, diatomic, nonpolar, polar, hydrogen-bonded and chlorofluorocarbons. In addition, the temperature dependence  of surface tension for 20 different fluids is examined, in which the contributions of both terms of the average effective pair potential to the g  are determined. For all liquids investigated in this work, surface tension increases with density except for water. The surface tension of water for isotherms within 280-300 K decreases with density, whereas increases within the range of 310-320 K.

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