Quantitative Structure-Properties Relationship of Lubricating Oil Additives and Molecular Dynamic Simulations Studies of Diamond-Like-Carbon (DLC)

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University P.M.B. 1044, Zaria, NIGERIA

10.30492/ijcce.2020.38358

Abstract

Quantitative Structure-Properties Relationship (QSPR) and molecular dynamics simulations studies were carried out on the 53 lubricating oil additives and hydrogen-containing DLC (a-C: H). Good QSPR model was developed along with squared correlation coefficient (R2), adjusted squared correlation coefficient (R2adj), leave one out cross-validation coefficient (Q2) and the external validation (R2ext) of values 0.807208, 0.763674, 0.68867 and 0.6297 respectively which shows that model I was reliable and satisfactory. Molecular dynamics simulation binding energy calculations between the lubricant additives and the hydrogen-containing DLC (a-C: H) crystals surface revealed that the best molecular dynamic binding energy was found to be -2112.06 kcal/mol and was found to be better than the one reported by other researchers. Moreover, the lubricant additive with compound number 50** (S-(2-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-ylamino)-2-oxoethyl) O-hexyl carbonodithioate) was found to have the best molecular dynamic binding energy of -2112.06 kcal/mol which conformed with excellent best-normalized onset temperature (Tonset) 2.467K of the same compound. Moreover, Table 7 revealed that the time(s) used for every simulation varies from 12683.13s to 138841.09s for all the studied additives. This investigation will help in rational additive design and synthesis of new and better lubricant additives with predetermined promising binding energy and onset temperature (Tonset) and will provide valuable information for the understanding of dynamic binding energy between DLC substrate and the new compounds and will give the way toward the discovery of novel lubricating oil additives that can withstand high dynamic working temperature and also resist wearing and frictions.

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