Calorimetric and thermal analysis studies on the influence of coal on hydration of cement paste

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene, Bab Ezzouar, Algeria

2 University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene

Abstract

Composite Portland Cement,CEMII (cement with additives of limestone,slag from blast furnaces,tuff and pozzolan)
represent a significant share of the cement manufactured in the world.These additives can increase the cement production and reduce the energy consumption in this sector,their incorporation in the milling process of the clinker allow also to obtain hydraulic blinders better homogenized and more responsive.Blended cements are
grounded more finely than the pure cement between 3500 to 5000 cm2/g. The use of industrial waste as well as natural products such as pozzolan and limestone as partial replacement of clinker in cement and concrete saves
energy [1.2.3],and it reduces emissions of greenhouse gas.This results in the production of concrete non-polluting and sustainable environmentally.Our work was based on the incorporation of coal as additives
(CEMI)and study the effect of this addition during the hydration reaction of the cement paste of the studied samples,with a heating rate of 5°C/mn,the percentages of coal used were (10% ,20% ,30%).Previous studies showed that coal has the ability to increase the mechanical resistance of cement,this is due to the chemical
composition of the coal (SiO2,Ca, Fe2O3,Mg,Na),which affects the grind ability of the cement and its reaction with water(hydration reaction).Thermal analysis allows us to evaluate the heat released by the studied cement
during its hydration and to exploit the results by using various models.The degree of hydration,the rate constant and activation energya are determined ,this energy is global,as it relates to all phases of hydration
reactions of cement namely (C3S, C2S,C3A and C4AF).

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