New Activated Carbon From Wormwood As Efficient Adsorbent of Cationic Dye in Aqueous Solution

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Laboratoire Génie de la Réaction, Faculté de Génie des Procédés et Génie Mécanique, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumediene, BP 32, Bab Ezzouar, 16111, Alger, Algeria

2 Université de Lille, LASIR; UMR CNRS 8516, Villeneuve d''Ascq, France

Abstract

This investigation deals with the potential use of new activated carbon as adsorbent. This later was prepared from wormwood residues consisting of Artemisia vulgaris pharmaceutic plant by-product. This carbon was characterized using a Scanning Electron Microscopy and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) techniques before and after treatment with phosphoric acid. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted to study the adsorbent effectiveness in removing a cationic dye, basic yellow 28, from aqueous solution. The effects of adsorbent dosage, dye concentration and initial pH on the elimination of the dye were analyzed. The results show that the equilibrium data were correctly represented using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The adsorption capacity of activated carbon toward the cationic dye was 357.14 mg/g obtained at 20°C. The kinetic study indicates that the adsorption process of dye on activated carbon follows a pseudo-second-order equation. The efficiency of this process was tested for real effluent; the adsorbent was able to reduce the concentration of total organic carbon.

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