Precise Prediction of Interface Distribution of Materials in Multiphase Separation Facilities Using a Low-cost and Simple Technique: ANN

Document Type: Research Article


1 Physics, Faculty of physics, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran

2 Physics, Science, University of Qom, Qom, Iran


The ability to precisely detect the interface of the different phases in a vessel plays an important role in chemical plants, oil, and petroleum industry. The purpose of this research is to apply the gamma ray attenuation technique (single point source and single detector) together with multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural network to detect the interface present in water-gasoil two-phase flows in pipelines and vessels, for the first time. The experimental setup is comprised of a plastic rod scintillator (BC400) coupled with two PMT tubes at two sides as a position sensitive detector, a point gamma-ray source (137Cs) and a vessel between the source and detector. The detection system provides the required data for training and testing the network. Using this proposed method, the interface locations were determined in two-phase with mean relative error percentages less than 0.34% and 0.27% for levels of water and gasoil, respectively. The mean absolute error values were measured less than 1.16 and 1. Also, the correlation coefficients were calculated 0.999 and 1. These results presented the accuracy of the proposed method in order to determine the interface position. The used set-up is simpler than other proposed techniques and cost, radiation safety, shielding requirements and risk production are minimized.


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