Document Type: Research Article
Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran.
The Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a catalyst for the production of linear alkyl benzene (LAB). In this research the corrosion and perforation in the overhead line of HF neutralization section in Bistoun Petrochemical Company (BPC), at Iran was investigated. The accumulation of sediment and under deposit corrosion has resulted in the perforation of the mentioned line. The main causes of failure were explored by visual checking, chemical characterizations, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X–ray fluorescence (XRF). The effects of process conditions, pipeline design, water content and oxygen amounts were studied. Corrosion and perforation in the line is based on the composition of the liquid or gases passing through the line and operating conditions. The reverse return of water vapors contaminated with KOH from relief gas scrubber to overhead line can accelerate the corrosion. Lastly, the suggestions have been proposed for trouble shooting, prevention from failure in the line and HF leakage.