Treatment of Real Paper-Recycling Wastewater in a Novel Hybrid Airlift Membrane Bioreactor (HAMBR) for Simultaneous Removal of Organic Matter and Nutrients

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, I.R. IRAN

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

3 Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

In this study, a novel integrated Hybrid Airlift Membrane Bioreactor (HAMBR) composed of oxic, anoxic, and anaerobic zones was developed to simultaneously remove organic matter and nitrogen from real paper-recycling wastewater. The removal efficiencies of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), ammonium, nitrite, nitrate and Total Nitrogen (TN) for permeate and supernatant were in the range of 88-99%, 54-83%, 70-90%, 65-95% and 61-90%, respectively. In addition, the membrane fouling was evaluated by Trans-Membrane Pressure (TMP) monitoring during the experimental period at a constant flux of 12 L/m2h,and the rate of TMP increase was 1.75 mbar/day. The results showed that the hybrid airlift membrane bioreactor can be applied effectively to the simultaneous removal of organic and nutrient from real wastewater and the performance of the membrane bioreactor was satisfactory in terms of resistance against membrane fouling phenomenon, which is an important parameter during HAMBR operation.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Zhang Y., Ma C., Ye F., Kong Y., Li H., The treatment of Wastewater of Paper Mill with Integrated Membrane process, Desalination, 236: 349-356 (2009).
[2] Thompson G., Swain J., Kay M., Forster C., The Treatment of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent: A Review, Bioresource Technology, 77: 275-286 (2001).
[3] Wu T.Y., Guo N., Teh C.Y., Hay J.X.W., Advances in Ultrasound Technology for Environmental Rmediation (Springer Science & Business Media, (2012).
[4] Haq I., Kumar S., Raj A., Lohani M., Satyanarayana G., Genotoxicity Assessment of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent before and after Bacterial Degradation Using Allium Cepa Test, Chemosphere,169: 642-650(2017).
[6] Klidi N., Clematis D., Delucchi M., Gadri A., Ammar S., Panizza M., Applicability of Electrochemical Methods to Paper Mill Wastewater for Reuse. Anodic Oxidation with BDD and TiRuSnO2 Anodes, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 815: 16-23(2018).
[7] Latorre A., Malmqvist A., Lacorte S., Welander T., Barceló D., Evaluation of the Treatment Efficiencies of Paper Mill Whitewaters in Terms of Organic Composition and Toxicity, Environmental Pollution, 147: 648-655 (2007).
[8] Izadi A., Hosseini M., Darzi G.N., Bidhendi G.N., Shariati F.P., Treatment of Paper-Recycling Wastewater by Electrocoagulation Using Aluminum and Iron Electrodes, Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 1-8 (2018).
[9] Izadi A., Hosseini M., Darzi G.N., Bidhendi G.N., Shariati F.P., Recycling Wastewater Treatment Using Ocimum Basilicum L. Along with Alum: Optimization by Response Surface Methodology (RSM), Desalination and Water Treatment, 116: 205-213 (2018).
[10] Kamali M., Khodaparast Z., Review on Recent Developments on Pulp and Paper Mill Wastewater Treatment, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 114: 326-342 (2015).
[12] Tsang Y., Hua F., Chua H., Sin S., Wang Y., Optimization of Biological Treatment of Paper Mill Effluent in a Sequencing Batch Reactor, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 34: 193-199 (2007).
[13] Drews A., Evenblij H., Rosenberger S., Potential and Drawbacks of Microbiology–Membrane Interaction in Membrane Bioreactors, Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 24: 426-433 (2005).
[14] Bolzonella D., Fatone F., di Fabio S., Cecchi F., Application of Membrane Bioreactor Technology for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse in the Mediterranean Region: Focusing on Removal Efficiency of Non-Cnventional Pollutants, Journal of Environmental Management, 91: 2424-2431 (2010).
[16] Dias J.C.T., Rezende R.P., Silva C.M., Linardi V.R., Biological Treatment of Kraft Pulp Mill Foul Condensates at High Temperatures Using a Membrane Bioreactor, Process Biochemistry, 40: 1125-1129 (2005).
[17] Meng F., Chae S.-R., Drews A., Kraume M., Shin H.-S., Yang F., Recent Advances in Membrane Bioreactors (MBRs): Membrane Fouling and Membrane Material, Water Research, 43: 1489-1512 (2009).
[18] Drews A., Membrane Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors—Characterisation, Contradictions, Cause and Cures, Journal of Membrane Science, 363: 1-28 (2010).
[19] Belfort G., Davis R.H., Zydney A.L., The Behavior of Suspensions and Macromolecular Solutions in Crossflow Microfiltration, Journal of Membrane Science, 96: 1-58 (1994).
[20] Wisniewski C., Grasmick A., Floc Size Distribution in a Membrane Bioreactor and Consequences for Membrane Fouling, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 138: 403-411 (1998).
[21] Bai R., Leow H., Microfiltration of Activated Sludge Wastewater—The Effect of System Operation Parameters, Separation and Purification Technology, 29: 189-198 (2002).
[22] Yigit N., Civelekoglu G., Harman I., Koseoglu H., Kitis M., Effects of Various Backwash Scenarios on Membrane Fouling in a Membrane Bioreactor, Desalination, 237: 346-356(2009).
[23] Lee E.-J., Kim K.-Y., Lee Y.-S., Nam J.-W., Lee Y.-S., Kim H.-S., Jang A., A Study on the High-Flux MBR System Using PTFE Flat Sheet Membranes with Chemical Backwashing, Desalination, 306: 35-40 (2012).
[24] Yoon S.-H., Kim H.-S., Yeom I.-T., The Optimum Operational Condition of Membrane Bioreactor (MBR): Cost Estimation of Aeration and Sludge Treatment, Water Research, 38: 37-46 (2004).
[25] Liu Q., Wang X.C., Liu Y., Yuan H., Du Y., Performance of a Hybrid Membrane Bioreactor in Municipal Wastewater Treatment, Desalination, 258: 143-147 (2010).
[26] Rodríguez-Hernández L., Esteban-García A., Lobo A., Temprano J., Álvaro C., Mariel A., Tejero I., Evaluation of a Hybrid Vertical Membrane Bioreactor (HVMBR) for Wastewater Treatment, Water Science and Technology, 65: 1109-1115 (2012).
[27] Fu Z., Yang F., An Y., Xue Y., Simultaneous Nitrification and Denitrification Coupled with Phosphorus Removal in an Modified Anoxic/Oxic-Membrane Bioreactor (A/O-MBR), Biochemical Engineering Journal, 43: 191-196 (2009).
[28] Li J., Yang F., Ohandja D.-G., Wong F.-S., Integration of Nitrification and Denitrification by Combining Anoxic and Aerobic Conditions in a Membrane Bioreactor, Water Science and Technology, 62: 2590-2598 (2010).
[29] Yang F., Wang Y., Bick A., Gilron J., Brenner A., Gillerman L., Herzberg M., Oron G., Performance of Different Configurations of Hybrid Growth Membrane Bioreactor (HG-MBR) for Treatment of Mixed Wastewater, Desalination, 284: 261-268(2012).
[30] Chan Y.J., Chong M.F., Law C.L., Hassell D., A Review on Anaerobic–Aerobic Treatment of Industrial and Municipal Wastewater, Chemical Engineering Journal, 155: 1-18 (2009).
[31] Tartakovsky B., Manuel M.-F., Guiot S., Degradation of Trichloroethylene in a Coupled Anaerobic–Aerobic Bioreactor: Modeling and Experiment, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 26: 72-81 (2005).
[32] Shariati F.P., Mehrnia M.R., Sarrafzadeh M.H., Rezaee S., Grasmick A., Heran M., Fouling in a Novel Airlift Oxidation Ditch Membrane Bioreactor (AOXMBR) at Different High Organic Loading Rate, Separation and Purification Technology, 105: 69-78 (2013).
[33] Phattaranawik J., Leiknes T., Double‐Deck Aerated Biofilm Membrane Bioreactor with Sludge Control for Municipal Wastewater Treatment, AIChE Journal, 55: 1291-1297(2009).
[34] Bertin L., Berselli S., Fava F., Petrangeli-Papini M., Marchetti L., Anaerobic Digestion of Olive Mill WasteWaters in Biofilm Reactors Packed with Granular Activated Carbon and “Manville” Silica Beads, Water Research, 38: 3167-3178 (2004).
[35] Federation W.E., Association A.P.H., Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association (APHA): Washington, DC, USA (2005).
[36] Rodríguez-Hernández L., Esteban-García A., Tejero I., Comparison between a Fixed Bed Hybrid Membrane Bioreactor and a Conventional Membrane Bioreactor for Municipal Wastewater Treatment: a Pilot-Scale Study, Bioresource Technology, 152: 212-219 (2014).
[37] Leyva-Díaz J., Muñío M., González-López J., Poyatos J., Anaerobic/Anoxic/Oxic Configuration in Hybrid Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor-Membrane Bioreactor for Nutrient Removal from Municipal Wastewater, Ecological Engineering, 91: 449-458 (2016).
[38] Değermenci N., Cengiz İ., Yildiz E., Nuhoglu A., Performance Investigation of a Jet Loop Membrane Bioreactor for the Treatment of an Actual Olive Mill Wastewater, Journal of Environmental Management, 184: 441-447(2016).
[39] Qu Y.-Y., Zhou J.-T., Wang J., Xing L.-L., Jiang N., Gou M., Uddin M.S., Population Dynamics in Bioaugmented Membrane Bioreactor for Treatment of Bromoamine Acid Wastewater, Bioresource Technology, 100: 244-248 (2009).
[40] Li F., Chen J., Deng C., The Kinetics of Crossflow Dynamic Membrane Bioreactor, Water SA, 32: 199-204 (2006).
[41] Basu S., Singh S.K., Tewari P.K., Batra V.S., Balakrishnan M., Treatment of Nitrate-Rich Water in a Baffled Membrane Bioreactor (BMBR) Employing Waste Derived Materials, Journal of Environmental Management, 146: 16-21 (2014).
[42] Sakai K., Nakamura K., Wakayama M., Moriguchi M., Change in Nitrite Conversion Direction from Oxidation to Reduction in Heterotrophic Bacteria Depending on the Aeration Conditions, Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, 84: 47-52 (1997).
[43] Li Y., He Y., Ohandja D., Ji J., Li J., Zhou T., Simultaneous Nitrification–Denitrification Achieved by an Innovative Internal-Loop Airlift MBR: Comparative Study, Bioresource Technology, 99: 5867-5872 (2008).
[44] Kimura K., Nishisako R., Miyoshi T., Shimada R., Watanabe Y., Baffled Membrane Bioreactor (BMBR) for Efficient Nutrient Removal from Municipal Wastewater, Water Research, 42: 625-632 (2008).
[46] Hu Y., Wang X.C., Zhang Y., Li Y., Chen H., Jin P., Characteristics of an A2O–MBRSystem for Reclaimed Water Production under Constant Flux at Low TMP, Journal of Membrane Science, 431: 156-162 (2013).
[47] Zhang J., Chua H.C., Zhou J., Fane A., Factors Affecting the Membrane Performance in Submerged Membrane Bioreactors, Journal of Membrane Science, 284: 54-66 (2006).
[48] Abass O.K., Wu X., Guo Y., Zhang K., Membrane Bioreactor in China: a Critical Review, Int. J. Membr. Sci. Technol., 2: 29-47 (2015).
[49] Krzeminski P., Leverette L., Malamis S., Katsou E., Membrane Bioreactors–a Review on Recent Developments in Energy Reduction, Fouling Control, Novel Configurations, LCA and Market Prospects, Journal of Membrane Science, 527: 207-227 (2017).
[50] Barillon B., Ruel S.M., Langlais C., Lazarova V., Energy Efficiency in Membrane Bioreactors, Water Science and Technology, 67: 2685-2691 (2013).
 [51] Itokawa H., Tsuji K., Yamashita K., Hashimoto T., Design and Operating Experiences of Full-Scale Municipal Membrane Bioreactors in Japan, Water Science and Technology, 69: 1088-1093 (2014).
[52] Xiao K., Xu Y., Liang S., Lei T., Sun J., Wen X., Zhang H., Chen C., Huang X., Engineering Application of Membrane Bioreactor for Wastewater Treatment in China: Current State and Future Prospect, Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 8: 805-819 (2014).
[53] Gabarrón S., Ferrero G., Dalmau M., Comas J., Rodriguez-Roda I., Assessment of Energy-Saving Strategies and Operational Costs in Full-Scale Membrane Bioreactors, Journal of Environmental Management, 134: 8-14(2014).
[54] Hussain A., Al-Rawajfeh A.E., Alsaraierh H., Membrane Bio Reactors (MBR) in Waste Water Treatment: A Review of the Recent Patents, Recent Patents on Biotechnology, 4: 65-80 (2010).