Microwave Assisted Appraisal of Neem Bark Based Tannin Natural Dye and its Application onto Bio-mordanted Cotton Fabric

Document Type: Research Article


1 Department of Applied Chemistry, Government College University Faisalabad 38000, PAKISTAN

2 Department of Biochemistry, Government University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, PAKISTAN

3 Department of Chemistry, Government College University Faisalabad 38000, PAKISTAN

4 Department of Applied Chemistry, Govt. College University Faisalabad 38000, PAKISTAN


The current study is aimed to utilize the microwave for isolation of colorant from neem bark and its application onto chemical & bio-mordanted cotton fabric. For the purpose, aqueous, acid and organic media have been employed to isolate the colorant and to make its application onto surface modified and bio-mordanted cotton fabric followed by microwave treatment up to 6min. It is found that using optimum extraction and dyeing conditions, acceptable fastness properties have been rated when 9% of Al & Fe, 7% of tannic acid as pre chemical, 7% of acacia, 9% of henna, 7% of pomegranate & 5% of turmeric extract as pre bio mordants. Similarly, 5% of Al, 9% of T.A, 7% of pomegranate, and turmeric extract as post-mordants have been employed. It is recommended that isolation of colorant & dyeing under MW treatment has not only improved the natural dyeing process but also the addition of herbal-based bio-mordants have made the dyeing process more sustainable & ayurvedic. So it is concluded that microwave treatment has not only explored the coloring potential of neem bark but also made possible use of bio-mordants for making process more green with excellent color characteristics under reduced optimal conditions.


Main Subjects

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