Fatty Acid Composition and Mineral Contents of Pea Genotype Seeds

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Field Crops, Agricultural Faculty, Selcuk University, 42075 Konya, TURKEY

2 Department of Soil Science and Plant Fertilization, Faculty of Agriculture, Selcuk University, 42031 Konya, TURKEY

3 Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Selçuk, Konya, TURKEY

Abstract

Metal, non-metal and and heavy metal contents of different pea genotype seeds were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES). For all genotypes, significant differences were observed in the mineral contents. Potassium was the most abundant element, ranged from 10146.13 mg/kg (PS3048) to 13171.97 mg/kg (PS3053) (Table 1). In addition, the phosphor content of pea seeds was found between 4004.31 mg/kg (PS 30100) and 5651.27 mg/kg (PS 3057). These pea genotypes contained 1562.32 mg/kg to 2034.28 mg/kg magnesium. Zinc contetns of pea samples changed between 29.66 mg/kg (PS 3055) and 67.81 mg/kg (PS 4053 B). The oil contents of pea samples ranged from 0.84% (PS4053 B) to 3.59% (PS 3055). Oleic acid is predominant fatty acid 12.95% to 45.02% followed by palmitic 13.68% to 77.28%, stearic (1.66% to 15.99%) acids. The highest oleic acid was found in PS3048 genotype (45.02%). The highest palmitic acid was found in PS4021 pea sample (77.28%). The current study contributes to the available information concerning the composition of several pea genotypes grown in Turkey.
Fatty Acid Composition and Mineral Contents
of Pea Genotype Seeds

 

Keywords

Main Subjects


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