Application of Copper Vanadate Nanoparticles for Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution: Kinetics, Equilibrium, and Thermodynamic Studies

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry, Savadkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Savadkooh, I.R. IRAN

2 Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

3 Biosensor Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

4 Department of Life Science Engineering, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

Copper vanadate nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple coprecipitation method in an aqueous medium and the products were used as adsorbents for eliminating methylene blue (MB) from water. The structure and morphology of the produced nanoparticles were evaluated through X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) analysis. The results indicated that the particles were 22-40 nm in diameter. Further, batch adsorption experiments were performed to evaluate the potential capability of the product for the removal of MB and optimizing the adsorption conditions. The effects of pH, the quantity of the adsorbent, contact time, dye concentration, and temperature on adsorption were determined. Fitting of the experimental data into the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models revealed good compliance with the Langmuir model with a maximum adsorption capacity of 151.5 mg/g at pH= 4.0. Evaluation of the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption process follows a pseudo-second-order kinetic model and reaches equilibrium after 10 min. The desorption of the dye and recycling potential of the adsorbent was also studied.

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