Adsorption of Hazardous Methylene Green Dye from Aqueous Solution onto Tin Sulfide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon: Isotherm and Kinetics Study

Document Type: Research Article

Author

Department of Chemistry, Omidiyeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Omidiyeh, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

In this research, a novel adsorbent, tin sulfide nanoparticles coated on activated carbon [SnS-NP-C] was synthesized by a simple, low cost and efficient procedure for the removal of methylene green from aqueous solutions. Subsequently, this novel material characterization and identification has been completed by different techniques such as TEM, FT-IR, and UV-Vis spectrometry analysis. In the batch experimental set-up, optimum conditions for quantitative removal of Methylene green by [SnS-NP-C] was attained following searching effect of variables such as adsorbent dosage (0.05-0.35 g), contact time (10-120 min), solution pH (6-10), and initial concentration of dye (10–60 mg/L) on the adsorption process was investigated. Optimum values were set at pH of 8.0, 0.25 g of [SnS-NP-C] at removal time of 50 min. Kinetic studies at the various adsorbent dosage and initial methylene green concentration show that maximum dye was sequestered within 10 min as a sort time. The adsorption of methylene green follows the pseudo-second-order rate equation in addition to the interparticle diffusion model (with the removal of more than 99%) at all conditions. Equilibrium data fitted well with the Langmuir model at all amount of adsorbent, while maximum adsorption capacity was 14.22 mg/g for 0.2 g of [SnS-NP-C]. The present procedure is green and offers advantages such as shorter reaction time, simple workup, and high percentage removal. 

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Robinson T., Mcmullan G., Marchant R., Nigam P., Remediation of Dyes in Textile Effluent: a Critical Review on Current Treatment Technologies with a Proposed Alternative, Bioresour. Technol., 77: 247–255 (2001).

[2] Aksu Z., Application of Biosorption for the Removal of Organic Pollutants: A Review, Proc. Biochem. 40: 997–1026 (2005).

[4] Moussavi G., Mahmoudi M., Removal of Azo and Anthraquinone Reactive Dyes from Industrial Wastewaters Using MgO Nanoparticles, J. Hazard. Mater., 168: 806–812(2009).

[5] Apostol L.C., Pereira L., Pereira R., Gavrilescu M., Alves M.M., Biological Decolorization of Xanthene Dyes by Anaerobic Granular Biomass, Biodegradation, 23: 725–737(2012).

[6] Shokri A., Application of Electrocoagulation Process for the Removal of Acid Orange 5 in Synthetic Wastewater. Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 38(2): 113-119 (2019).

[7] Türgay O., Ersz G., Atalay S., Forss J., Welander U., The Treatment of Azo Dyes Found in Textile Industry Wastewater by Anaerobic Biological Method and Chemical Oxidation, Sep. Purif. Technol., 79: 26-33 (2011).

[9] Kamranifar M., Naghizadeh A., Montmorillonite Nanoparticles in Removal of Textile Dyes from Aqueous Solutions: Study of Kinetics and Thermodynamics, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 36: 127-137 (2017).

[10] Madhusudan P., Zhang J., Cheng B., Liu G., Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Dyes with Hierarchical Bi2O2CO3 Microstructures Under Visible-Light, Cryst. Eng. Comm., 15: 231-240 (2013).

[11] Lee C.-R., Kim H.-S., Jang I.-H., Im J.-H., Park N.-G., Pseudo First-Order Adsorption Kinetics of N719 Dye on TiO2 Surface, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf. 3: 1953-1957 (2011).

[12] Liu G., Hou M., Song J., Jiang T., Fan H., Zhang Z., Han B., Immobilization of Pd Nanoparticles with Functional Ionic Liquid Grafted onto Cross-Linked Polymer for Solvent-Free Heck Reaction, Green Chem., 12: 65-69 (2010).

[13] Pal S., Mal D., Singh R.P., Cationic Starch: An Effective Flocculating Agent, Carbohydr. Polym., 59: 417-423 (2005).

[15] Chen Y.H., Synthesis, Characterization and Dye Adsorption of Ilmenite Nanoparticles, J. Non. Cryst. Solid., 357: 136-139 (2011).

[16] Qiu H., Sawada T., Jiang S., Ihara H., New Strategy for Drastic Enhancement of Selectivity Via Chemical Modification of Counter Anions in Ionic Liquid Polymer Phase, Chemical Communications, 46: 8740-8742 (2010).

[17] Qiu H., Takafuji M., Sawada T., Liu X., Jiang S., Ihara H., Ionic Liquid (Molten Salt) Phase Organometallic Catalysis,Chemical Reviews, 102: 3667-3692 (2002).

[18] Zhong Y., Qiu X., Chen D., Li N., Xu Q., Li H., Lu H., Flexible Electrospun Carbon Nanofiber/Tin (IV) Sulfide Core/Sheath Membranes for Photocatalytically Treating Chromium (VI)-Containing Wastewater, J. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8: 28671-28677 (2016).

[19] Chen Q., Lu F., Xia Y., Wang H., Kuang X., Lithiation-Assisted Exfoliation and Reduction of SnS2 to SnS Decorated on Lithium-Integrated Graphene for Efficient Energy Storage, J. Mater. Chemi. A, 5: 4075-4083 (2017).

[20] Bian X., Xiaofeng L., Yanpeng X., Chengcheng Z., Lirong K., Ce W., A Facile One-Pot Hydrothermal Method to Produce SnS2/Reduced Graphene Oxide with Flake-on-Sheet Structures and Their Application in the Removal of Dyes from Aquaes Solution, J. Coll. Interface Sci., 406: 37-43 (2013).

[21] Xiong X., Yang C., Wang G., Lin Y., Ou X., Wang J.H., Huang K., SnS Nanoparticles Electrostatically Anchored on Three-Dimensional N-Doped Graphene as an Active and Durable Anode for Sodium-Ion Batteries, Energ. Enviro. Sci., 10: 1757-1763 (2017).

[22] Fuerhacker M., Haile T.M., Kogelnig D., Stojanovic A., Keppler B., Application of Ionic Liquids for the Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater and Activated Sludge, Water Sci. Technol., 65: 1765–1773 (2012).

[23] Gharehbaghi M., Shemirani F., A Novel Method for Dye Removal: Ionic Liquid‐Based Dispersive Liquid–Liquid Extraction (IL‐DLLE), Clean. Soil. Air Water, 40: 290–297 (2012).

[24] Poursaberi T., Hassanisadi M., Magnetic Removal of Reactive Black 5 from Wastewater Using Ionic Liquid Grafted‐Magnetic Nanoparticles, Clean Soil Air Water, 41: 1208-1215 (2013).

[25] Ghaedi M., Ghaedi A.M., Negintaji E., Ansari A., Vafaei A., Rajabi M., Random Forest Model for Removal of Bromophenol Blue Using Activated Carbon Obtained from Astragalus Bisulcatus Tree, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20: 1793-1803 (2014).

[26] Assefi P., Ghaedi M., Ansari A., Habibi M.H., Momeni M.S., Artificial Neural Network Optimization for Removal of Hazardous Dye Eosin Y from Aqueous Solution Using Co2O3-NP-AC: Isotherm and Kinetics Study, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20: 2905-2913 (2014).

[28] Ravanan M., Ghaedi M., Ansari A., Taghizadeh F., Elhamifar D., Comparison of the Efficiency of Cu and Silver Nanoparticle Loaded on Supports for the Removal of Eosin Y from Aqueous Solution: Kinetic and Isotherm Study, Spectrochim. Acta A, 123: 467-472 (2014).

[29] Wang X., Zhu N., Yin B., Preparation of Sludge-Based Activated Carbon and Its Application in Dye Wastewater Treatment, J. Hazard. Mater., 153: 22–27 (2008).

[33] Ghaedi M., Hossainian H., Montazerozohori M., Shokrollahi A., Shojaipour F., Soylak M., Purkait M., A Novel Acorn Based Adsorbent for the Removal of Brilliant Green, Desalination, 281: 226-      (2011).

[34] Tempkin M.J., Pyzhev V., Recent Modifications to Langmuir Isotherms, Physiocho chimica. Acta USSR, 12: 217-222 (1940).

[35] Ghaedi M., Sadeghian B., Amiri Pebdani A., Sahraei R., Daneshfar A., Duran C., Kinetics, Thermodynamics and Equilibrium Evaluation of Direct Yellow 12 Removal by Adsorption onto Silver Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon, Chem. Engi. J., 187: 133-141 (2012).

[37] Dubinin M.M., Zhurnal Fizicheshoi Khimii Modern State of the Theory of Volume Filling of Micropore Adsorbents During Adsorption of Gases and Steams on Carbon Adsorbents, Pure Appl. Chem., 39: 1305-1317 (1965).

[38] Radushkevich L.V., Potential Theory of Sorption and Structure of Carbons, Zhurnal Fizicheshoi Khimii, 23: 1410-1420 (1949).

[39] Lagergren S., Zur Theorie Der Sogenannten Adsorption Geloster Stoffe, Handlingar, 24: 1-39 (1898).

[40] Chien S.H., Clayton W.R., Application of Elovich Equation to the Kinetics of Phosphate Release and Sorption in Soils 1, Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 44, 265-268 (1980).

[41] Ghaedi M., Ghaedi A.M., Hosseinpour M., Ansari A., Habibi M.H., Asghari A.R., Solar Light Photocatalytic Degradation of Malachite Green by Hydrothermally Synthesized Strontium Arsenate Nanomaterial through Response Surface Methodology, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 644: 221-227 (2018).

[43] Weber W.J., Morris J.C., Kinetics of Adsorption on Carbon from Solution, Am. Soc. Civil Eng., 89: 31-60 (1963).

[45] Dogan M., Abak H., Alkan M., Adsorption of Methylene Blue onto Hazelnut Shell: Knetics, Mechanism and Activation Parameters, J. Hazard.Mater., 164: 172-181 (2009).

[46] Crini G., Gimbert F., Robert C., Martel B., Adama O., The Removal of Basic Blue 3 from Aqueous Solutions by Chitosan-Based Adsorbent: Batch Studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 153: 96-106 (2008).

[50] Tseng R.L., Mesopore Control of High Surface Area NaOH-Activated Carbon, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 303: 494-502 (2006).

[51] Chen S., Zhang J., Zhang C., Yue Q., Li Y., Li C., Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies of Methyl Orange and Methyl Violet Adsorption on Activated Carbon Derived from Phragmites Australis, Desalination, 252: 149-156 (2010).

[52] Tang X., Li Y., Chen R., Min F., Yang J., Dong Y., Evaluation and Modeling of Methyl Green Adsorption from Aqueous Solutions Using Loofah Fibers, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 32: 125-131 (2015).

[53] Bahgat M., Farghali A.A., El Rouby W., Khedr M., Mohassab-Ahmed M.Y., Adsorption of Methyl Green Dye onto Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Decorated with Ni Nanoferrite, App. Nanosci., 3: 251-261 (2013).