Preparation of Fe Substituted ZnO Nanoparticles and Investigation of Their Magnetic Behaviors

Document Type: Research Article


Physics Department, Ahvaz Branch, Faculty of Science Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, I.R. IRAN


Nano-powders of diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn1-xFexO (0.0≤ x ≤0.1) were prepared via the sol-gel auto-combustion method. Crystal structure and phase identification carried out by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis. Mean crystallite size of the powders was estimated by Scherrer's formula. As M-H loops of the Fe substituted ZnO showed ferromagnetic behavior. The results of X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) showed that there is a mixture of Fe3+ and Fe2+ ions in all Fe substituted samples. Antiferromagnetic interaction between neighboring Fe3+-Fe2+ ions suppressed the ferromagnetic behavior of the samples at higher doping concentrations of Fe.


Main Subjects

[1] Ohno H., Toward Functional Spintronics, Science, 291[5505]: 840-841 (2001).

[2] Yang S.Y., Pakhomov A.B., Hund S.T., Wong C.Y., Origin of Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Cobalt-Doped ZnO,IEEE. Trans. Mag, 38: 2877-2879 (2002).

[3] Pan F., Song C., Liu X.J., Yang Y.C., Zeng F., Ferromagnetism and Possible Application in Spintronics of Transition-Metal-Doped ZnO Films, Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports, 62(1), 1-35 (2008).

[4] Özgur Ü., Alivov Y.I., Liu C., Teke A., Reshchikov V., Avrutin, JChoH. Morkoc S., A Comprehensive Review of ZnO Materials and Devices, J. Appl.Phys., 98(4): 11- (2005).

[5] Pearton S.J., Abernathy C.R., Overberg M.E., Thaler G.T., Norton D.P.,  Theodoropoulou, N., Hebard A.F., Park Y.D.,  Ren F.,. Kim J.,  Boatner L. A.,, Wide Bandgap Ferromagnetic Semiconductors and Oxides, J. Appl. Phys., 93(1): 1-13 (2003). 

[6] Ashok Kumar S., Chen S.M., A Comprehensive Review of ZnO Materials and Devices, Anal.Lett., 41: 141-158 (2008).

[7] Hung M.H., Mao S., Feick H., Yan H., Wu Y., Kind H., Weber E., Russo R., Yang P., Effects of Local Gas-Flow Field on Synthesis of Oxide Nanowires During, Science, 292: 1897-1899 (2001).

[8] Tirosh E., Markovich G., Control of Defects and Magnetic Properties in colloidal HfO2 Nanorods, Advanced Materials, 19(18): 2608-2612 (2007).

[9] Wang Q., Sun Q., Chen G., Kawazoe Y., Jena P., Vacancy-Induced Magnetism in ZnO, Phys. Rev. B, 77(20): 205411-     (2008).

[10] Zuo X., Yng S., Yang A., Duan W., Vittoria C., Harris V.G., Ferromagnetism in Pure Wurtzite Zinc Oxide, J.Appl.Phys., 105(7): 07C508-    (2009).

[11] Zhang S., Ogale S.B., Yu W., Gao X., Liu T., Ghosh S., Das G.P., Wee A.T.S., Greene R.L., Vankatesan T., Comparison of Nb- and Ta-Doping of Anatase TiO2 for Transparent, Adv.Mater., 21: 2282-2287 (2009).

[12] Qingyu X., Shengqiang Z., Heidemari S., Magnetic Properties of ZnO Nanopowders, J. Alloy. Comp., 487: 665-667 (2009).

[13] Kuo C.L., Kou T.J., Huang M.H., Hydrothermal Synthesis of ZnO Microspheres and Hexagonal Microrods with Sheetlike and Platelike Nanostructures,J. Phys. Chem. B, 109: 20115-20121 (2005).

[14] Karthinkeyan B., Pandiyarajan T., Simple room Temperature Synthesis and Optical Studies on Mg Doped ZnO Nanostructures, J. Lumin., 130: 2317-2321 (2010)

[15] Yadav R.S., Pandey A.C., Sanjay S.S., Optical Properties of Europium Doped Bunches of Zno Nanowires Synthesized by Co-Precipitation Method, Chalcogenide Let., 6: 233-239 (2009).

[16] Liu C., Meng D., Pang H., Wu X., Xie J., Yu X., Chen L., Liu X., Influence of Fe-Doping on the Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles, J. Mag. Mag. Mate., 324: 3356–3360 (2012).

[17] Muneer M.Ba-AbbadAbdul Amir H. Kadhum Abu BakarMohamad Mohd S.Takriff Kamaruzzaman Sopia, Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity of Fe3+-Doped ZnO Nanoparticle Prepared Via Sol–Gel TechniqueChemosphere, 91(11): 1604-161 (2013).

[19] Kumar S., Gautam S., Kim Y.J., Koo B.H., Chae H., Lee C.G., Ferromagnetism in Fe Doped ZnO Synthesized by Co, J. Ceram. Soci. Japan, 1175: 616-618 (2009).

[20] Kas R., Sevinc E., Topal U., Acar H.Y., A Universal Method for the Preparation of Magnetic and Luminescent Hybrid Nanoparticles, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(17), 7758-7766 (2010).

[21] Hong Y.Y., Zhang S.Z., Di G.Q., Li H.Z., Zheng Y., Ding J., Wei D.G., Preparation, Characterization and Application of Fe3O4/ZnO Core/Shell Magnetic Nanoparticles, Materials Research Bulletin, 43: 2457-2468 (2008).

[22] Bonanni A., Dietl T., A Story of High-Temperature Ferromagnetism in ... - RSC Publishing,  Chem. Soc. Rev., 39: 528-539 (2010).

[23] Yosida K., “Theory of Magnetism”, Springer, Berlin, (1996).

[24] Zheng N, Introduction to Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors, Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville (2008).