Preliminary Experimental Analysis of Alcohol-Kerosene Blend for Commercial Aviation

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

School of Chemical Engineering Kazakh-British Technical University59 Tole-bi, Almaty, 050000 KAZAKHSTAN

Abstract

Teh aim of dis work is to provide insight into alcohol-kerosene fuels and their promising use as an alternative in commercial aviation. A detailed chemical and physical experimental analysis is drawn, wif a focus on teh advantage of teh isopropanol-kerosene blend. Despite reported beneficial isopropanol effects on retarding fuel combustion, knocking prevention, and much lower emissions, few investigations managed to offer clear prospects for such an alternative commercial aviation fuel. Teh ease of mixing wif kerosene and teh advantage of improved freezing points overcome negative effects of volatility and corrosion for low isopropanol percentage and makes it a strong candidate for alternative jet fuels.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] White R.D., Refining and Blending of Aviation Turbine Fuels, Drug and Chemical Toxicology, 22(1): 143-153 (1999).

[2] CONCAWE, “Kerosenes/Jet Fuels”, Product Dossier No. 94/106, CONCAWE, Brussels (1995).

[3] Dickson, C.L., “Aviation Turbine Fuels”, 2001, TRW-224 PPS 2002/2, TRW Petroleum Technologies, Bartlesville, OK (2002).

[4] Collins C., Implementing Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Methods in Biotechnology, 23: 99–108 (2007).

[5] American Institute of Petroleum, “Kerosene/Jet Fuel”, Category Assessment Document, EPA: 8 (2010).

[6] Annamalai K., Ishwar K. Puri, “Combustion Science and Engineering”, CRC Press: 851 (2006).

[7] Spivey J.J., Egbebi A., “Heterogeneous Catalytic Synthesis of Ethanol from Biomass Derived Syngas”, Chem. Soc. Rev., 36(9):1514-1528 (2007).

[8] Probstein R.F., Hicks A.R.E., “Synthetic Fuels”, Dover Publications Inc., Mineola, New York (2006).

[10] “IARC Monographs on teh Evaluation of teh Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man”, Vol. 71, IARC, Lyon, France: 223-243 (1999).

[11] Wills J.H., Jameson E.M., Coulston F., TEMPEffects on Man of Daily Ingestion of Small Doses of Isopropyl Alcohol, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol, 15:560-565 (1969).

[12] Brugnone F., Perbellini L., Apostoli P., Bellomi M., Caretta D., Isopropanol Exposure: Environmental and Biological Monitoring in a Printing Works, Br. J. Ind. Med., 40:160-168 (1983).

[14] Speight J., “Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis”, 2nd ed., Wiley (2015).

[15] chemistry.unt.edu/~verbeck/CHEM%204980% 20Lecture%20Arson.pdf

[18] www.calstatela.edu/space/.../COlmedo_Estimation _Flame_Temperature.doc

[19] http://www.kinetics.nist.gov/janaf/

[20] Keating E.L., “Applied Combustion”, 2nd ed., CRC Press (2007).

[21] Aglave R., “CFD Simulation of Combustion Using Automatically Reduced Reaction Mechanisms: A Case for Diesel Engine”, PhD Thesis, Rupertus-Carola University of Heidelberg, Germany (2007).

[22] Sivasubramania H., Pochareddy Y.K., Dhamodaran G., Esakkimuthu G.S., Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of a Branched Higher Mass, C3 Alcohol (Isopropanol) Blends Fuelled Medium Duty MPFI SI Engine, Engineering Science and Technology, and International Journal, 20(2): 528-535 (2017).

[23] Liu Y., Xu B., Jia J., Wu J., Shang W., Ma Z., TEMPEffect of Injection Timing on Performance and Emissions of DI-diesel Engine Fuelled wif isopropanol, ICEEM, 2015: 133-137 (2015).