Study of Pressure Drop in the 2D Spouted Bed with Conical Base of Binary Particle Mixtures: Effects of Particle Size and Density

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ilam University, P.O. Box 69315-516 Ilam, I.R. IRAN

2 Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699-5725, USA

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yasouj University, P.O. Box 75918-74831 Yasouj, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

In this study, the pressure drop for the binary mixtures of particles differing in size and density in a pseudo-2D spouted bed was experimentally studied. A binary mixture of solid particles including sand, Gypsum, and polyurethane was used in the experimental setup. Effects of static bed height, cone angle, particles diameter, and a particles weight fraction on the bed pressure drop were evaluated. The relationship between the peak pressure drops of the binary mixtures to the minimum spouting velocity was discussed. The trend of variation of pressure drop versus superficial gas velocities for binary particle mixtures in the spouted beds was found to be similar with that for the single sized particle system. The particles that sink to the bed bottom are called jetsam, whereas those gathered at the upper section of the bed are called flotsam.  At the same air velocity for jetsam and flotsam rich systems, the maximum pressure drop in the jetsam rich system was larger than the flotsam one. The measured values of minimum spouting velocity were compared with some empirical correlations for single sized particles in spouted beds.

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