Adsorption of the Cationic Dye Ethyl Violet on Acid and Alkali-Treated Wild Carob Powder, A Low-Cost Adsorbent Derived from Forest Waste

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Chemical Engineering Laboratory, University Ferhat Abbas, Sétif, Algeria

2 Laboratoire de Matériaux Inorganiques, Faculté de sciences, Université Mohamed Boudiaf - M’sila, ALGÉRIE

3 Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Chimiques, Faculté de Technologie, Université Ferhat Abbas, Sétif-1, 19000 Sétif, ALGÉRIE

4 Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, Université de Rennes 1, CNRS, UMR 6226, Avenue du Général Leclerc, CS 50837, 35708, Rennes Cedex 7, Rennes, FRANCE

Abstract

The effect of acid-alkaline treatment of lignocellulosic material (wild carob forest wastes) on Ethyl violet adsorption was investigated. It was found that surface chemistry plays an important role in Ethyl Violet (EV) adsorption. HCl treatment produces more active acidic surface groups such as carboxylic and lactone, resulting in an increase in the adsorption of EV dye. The adsorption efficiency was higher for treated lignocellulosic material with HCl (WCHCl) compared to that treated with KOH (WCKOH); maximum biosorption capacities were 170 and 130 mg/g for WCHCl and WCKOH at pH 6, respectively.It was also found that for both treated materials less than 150 min was needed to reach equilibrium.The adsorption of a basic dye (i.e. ethyl violet or basic violet 4) was carried out by varying some process parameters, such as the initial concentration and pH. The adsorption process can be well described by means of a pseudo-second-order reaction model and experimental data were accurately expressed by the Sips and Langmuir models for both WCHCl and WCKOH.

Keywords

Main Subjects


1] Tsai W.T., Chang Y.M., Lai C.W., Lo C.C., Adsorption of Ethyl Violet Dye in Aqueous Solution by Regenerated Spent Bleaching Earth, J. Colloid Interface Sci. (JCIS), 289(2): 333–338(2005).

[2] Bouguettoucha A., Chebli D., Mekhalef T., Noui A., Amrane A., The Use of a Forest Waste Biomass, Cone of Pinus Brutia for the Removal of an Anionic Azo Dye Congo Red from Aqueous Medium, Desalin. Water Treat. (DWT), 55: 1956–1965 (2015).

[3] Xu H., Liu D.d., He L., Liu N., Ning G., Studies on Adsorption of Copper(II) from a Wastewater Effluent of Electroplating Industry by Poly(ethylenemine)-Functionalized Silica Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 34(2): 73-81 (2015).

[4] Naseri, A., Barati, R., Rasoulzadeh, F., Bahram, M., Studies on Adsorption of Some Organic Dyes from Aqueous Solution onto Graphene Nanosheets, Iran. J. Chem. Chem., Eng.  (IJCCE), 34(2): 51-60 (2015).

[5] Alizadeh M., Ghahramani E., Zarrabi M., Hashemi S., Efficient De-colorization of Methylene Blue by Electro-coagulation Method: Comparison of Iron and Aluminum Electrode, Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 34(1): 39-47 (2015).

[6] Tsai W.T., Hsu H.C., Su T.Y., Lin K.Y., Lin C.M., Dai T.H., The Adsorption of Cationic Dye from Aqueous Solution onto Acid-Activated Andesite,J. Hazard. Mater. (JHM), 147: 1056-1062 (2007).

[7] Sharma Y.C., Optimization of Parameters for Adsorption of Methylene Blue on a Low-Cost Activated Carbon, J. Chem. Eng. Data (JCED), 55: 435-439 (2010).

[8] Wang S., Zhu Z.H., Coomes A., Haghseresht F., LU G.Q., The Physical and Surface Chemical Character-Istics of Activated Carbons and the Adsorption of Methylene Blue from Wastewater, J. Colloid. Interf. Sci. (JCIS), 284: 440-446 (2005).

[9] Sultana A., “Equilibrium and Kinetic Evaluation of the Adsorption of Commercial Brilliant Red on Used Black Tea Leaves”, MS Thesis, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, (2006).

[10] Bailey S., Olin E., Bricka J.T.D., Adrian D., A Review of Potentially Low-Cost Sorbents for Heavy Metals, Water Res. (WR), 33: 2469-2479 (1999).

[11] Chebli D., Bouguettoucha A., Mekhalif T., Nacef S., Amrane A., Valorization of Agricultural Waste, Stipa Tonacissima Fibers, by Biosorption of an Anionic Azo-Dye, Congo Red, Desalin. Water Treat. (DWT), 54:  245-254. (2015).

[14] Giles C.H., Eastonr I.A., Mckay B., Patel C.C., Shah N.B., Smith D., Association of Adsorbed Aromatic Solutes, Trans. Farady Soc. (TFS), 62: 1963-1975 (1966).

[15] Reffas A., Bouguettoucha A., Chebli D., Mekhalif T., Amrane A., Adsorption of Ethyl Violet Dye in Aqueous Solution by Forest Wastes, wild Carob. Desalin. Water Treat. (DWT), In Press. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1031707

[16] Olivella M.A., Fiol N., DE LA Torre F., Poch J., Villaescusa I., Assessment of Vegetable Wastes for Basic Violet 14 Removal: Role of Sorbent Surface Chemistry and Porosity, Desalin. Water Treat. (DWT), 53: 2278-2288 (2015).

[17] Ho Y.S., Review of Second-Order Models for Adsorption Systems. J. Hazard. Mater. (JHM),136: 681–689 (2006)

[18] Srivastava V.C., Mall I.D., Mishra I.M., Adsorption of Toxic Metal Ions onto Activated Carbon, Chem. Eng. Process. (CEP), 47: 1269–1280 (2008).

[19] Langmuir I., The Adsorption of Gases on Plane Surfaces of Glass, Mica and Platinum, J Am. Chem. Soc. (JACS), 40: 1361-1403 (1918).

[20] Freundlich H.M.F., Ober Dies Adsorption in Losungen [Regarding adsorption in solution], Z. Phys. Chem. (ZPC), 57: 385–470 (1906).

[21] Dotto G.L., Vieira M.L.G., Esquerdo V.M., Pinto L.A.A., Equilibrium and Thermodynamics of Azo Dyes Biosorption Onto Spirulina Platensis, Braz. J. Chem. Eng. (BJCE), 30: 13-21 (2013).

[22] Milonjic S.K., A Consideration of the Correct Calculation of Thermodynamic Parameters of Adsorption, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. (JSCS), 72: 1363-1367 (2007).

[23] Myers D., “Surfaces, Interfaces, and Colloids: Principles and Applications” (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York 187-190 (1999).