A Comparative Study on the Competitiveness of Photo-Assisted Chemical Oxidation (PACO) with Electrocoagulation (EC) for the Effective Decolorization of Reactive Blue Dye

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode

2 Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Chemistry, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode-638052, TN, INDIA

3 Department of Food Technology, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode-638052, TN, INDIA

Abstract

Accumulation of large quantity of non-biodegradable textile dyes into the environment made much attention to finding a suitable solution for the degradation of textile dyes. In this present study, decolorization efficiency of two different treatment technologies such as Photo-Assisted Chemical Oxidation (PACO – UV/H2O2) and Electrocoagulation (EC) on Reactive Blue 194 dye solution (RB194) at different operational conditions were analyzed and the competitiveness
of the treatment technologies in terms of energy consumption and operational costs 
were discussed. Even though both the processes follow different mechanistic approach for the degradation of dye solution, both the processes achieved more than 99% of decolorization efficiency. In terms of material/chemical consumption for the decolorization of dye solution PACO (US$ 0.016) competes with the EC (US$ 0.5937). But in terms of electrical energy consumption
as well as the overall operating cost EC process compete (US$ 0.0481 & US$ 0.6418) with the PACO process (US$ 1.0267 & US$ 1.04337).

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Can O.T., Kobya M., Demirbas E., Bayramoglu M., Treatment of the Textile Wastewater by Combined Electrocoagulation, Chemosphere, 62(2): 181-187 (2006).

[2] Joshi M., Bansal R., Purwar R., Colour Removal from Textile Effluents, Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research, 29(2): 239-259 (2004).

[3] Georgiou D., Melidis P., Aivasidis A., Gimouhopoulos K., Degradation of Azo-Reactive Dyes by Ultraviolet Radiation in the Presence of Hydrogen Peroxide, Dyes and Pigments, 52(2): 69-78 (2002).

[4] Thirugnanasambandham K., Sivakumar V., Prakash M.J., Optimization of Electrocoagulation Process to
Treat Biologically Pretreated Bagasse Effluent
, Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 79(5):613-626 (2014).

[5] Abid M.F., Zablouk M.A., Abid-Alameer A.M., Experimental Study of Dye Removal from Industrial Wastewater by Membrane Technologies of Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration, Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 9(1): 1 (2012).

[6] Mo J.H., Lee Y.H., Kim J., Jeong J.Y., Jegal J., Treatment of Dye Aqueous Solutions Using Nanofiltration Polyamide Composite Membranes for the Dye Wastewater Reuse, Dyes and Pigments, 76(2) : 429-34 (2008).

[7] Katal R., Pahlavanzadeh H., Influence of Different Combinations of Aluminum and Iron Electrode on Electrocoagulation Efficiency: Application to the Treatment of Paper Mill Wastewater, Desalination, 265(1):199-205 (2011).

[8] İrdemez Ş., Demircioğlu N., Yildiz Y.Ş., The Effects of pH on Phosphate Removal from Wastewater by Electrocoagulation with Iron Plate Electrodes. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 137(2): 1231-1235 (2006).

[9] Boncukcuoǧlu R., Erdem A., Kocakerim M.M., Çopur M., An Empirical Model for Kinetics of Boron Removal from Boron-Containing Wastewaters by Ion Exchange in a Batch Reactor, Desalination, 160(2) :159-166 (2004).

[10] Wan W, Pepping TJ, Banerji T, Chaudhari S, Giammar DE. Effects of Water Chemistry on Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Electrocoagulation, Water Research, 45(1):384-92 (2011).

[11] Varank G., Erkan H., Yazýcý S., Demir A., Engin G., Electrocoagulation of Tannery Wastewater Using Monopolar Electrodes: Process Optimization by Response Surface Methodology, International Journal of Environmental Research, 8(1):165-80 (2014).

[12] Kavitha S.K., Palanisamy P.N., Photocatalytic and Sonophotocatalytic Degradation of Reactive Red 120 Using Dye Sensitized TiO2 Under Visible Light, International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 3(1):1-6 (2011).

[13] Mahmoud A.S., Brooks M.S., Ghaly A.E., Decolorization of Remazol Brilliant Blue Dye Effluent by Advanced Photo Oxidation Process (H2O2/UV System), American Journal of Applied Sciences, 4(12):1054-1062 (2007).

[14] Kavitha S.K., Palanisamy P.N., Photocatalytic Degradation of Vat Yellow 4 Using UV/TiO2, Modern Applied Science, 4(5) :130 (2010).

[15] Manikandan P., Palanisamy P. N., Baskar R., Sivakumar P., Sakthisharmila P., Physico Chemical Analysis of Textile Industrial Effluents from Tirupur City, TN, India, International Journal of advance research in Science and Engineering (IJARSE), 4(2):93-104 (2015).

[16] Holt P.K., Barton G.W., Wark M., Mitchell C.A., A Quantitative Comparison between Chemical Dosing and Electrocoagulation, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 211(2): 233-48 (2002).

[17] Heidmann I., Calmano W., Removal of Zn (II), Cu (II), Ni (II), Ag (I) and Cr (VI) Present in Aqueous Solutions by Aluminium Electrocoagulation, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 152(3) : 934-941 (2008).

[18] Ghosh D., Solanki H., Purkait M.K., Removal of Fe (II) from Tap Water by Electrocoagulation Technique, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 155(1): 135-143 (2008).

[19] Yahiaoui O., Aizel L., Lounici H., Drouiche N., Goosen M.F., Pauss A., Mameri N., Evaluating Removal of Metribuzin Pesticide from Contaminated Groundwater Using an Electrochemical Reactor Combined with Ultraviolet Oxidation, Desalination, 270(1):84-89 (2011).

[20] Daneshvar N., Oladegaragoze A., Djafarzadeh N., Decolorization of Basic Dye Solutions by Electrocoagulation: an Investigation of the Effect of Operational Parameters, Journal of hazardous materials, 129(1): 116-122 (2006).

[21] Cater S.R., Stefan M.I., Bolton J.R., Safarzadeh-Amiri A., UV/H2O2 Treatment of Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether in Contaminated Waters, Environmental science and technology, 34(4): 659-662 (2000).

[23] Behnajady M.A., Modirshahla N., Evaluation of Electrical Energy Per Order (EEO) with Kinetic Modeling on Photooxidative Degradation of CI Acid Orange 7 in a Tubular Continuous-Flow Photoreactor, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 45(2) : 553-557 (2006).

[24] Al-Momani F., “Combination of Photo-Oxidation Processes with Biological Treatment”, PhD Thesis, Universitat de Barcelona (2003).

[25] Khaled B., Wided B., Béchir H., Elimame E., Mouna L., Zied T., Investigation of Electrocoagulation Reactor Design Parameters Effect on the Removal of Cadmium from Synthetic and Phosphate Industrial Wastewater, Arabian Journal of Chemistry, (2015).

[26] Samarghandi M.R., Zarrabi M., Noori Sepehr M., Panahi R., Foroghi M., Removal of Acid Red 14 by Pumice Stoneas a Low Cost Adsorbent: Kinetic and Equilibrium Study, Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (IJCCE), 31 (3): 19-27 (2012).

[27] Kasiri M.B., Aleboyeh H., Aleboyeh A., Mineralization of CI Acid Red 14 Azo Dye by UV/Fe‐ZSM5/H2O2 Process, Environmental Technology, 31(2): 165-173 (2010).

[28] Yavuz Y., Öcal E., Koparal A.S., Öğütveren Ü.B., Treatment of Dairy Industry Wastewater by EC and EF Processes Using Hybrid Fe - Al Plate Electrodes, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 86(7) : 964-969 (2011).

[29] Yilmaz A.E., Boncukcuoğlu R., Kocakerim M.M., Keskinler B., The Investigation of Parameters Affecting Boron Removal by Electrocoagulation Method, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 125(1): 160-5 (2005).

[30] Szpyrkowicz L., Juzzolino C., Kaul S.N., Daniele S., De Faveri M.D., Electrochemical Oxidation of Dyeing Baths Bearing Disperse Dyes, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 39(9): 3241-3248 (2000).

[31] Dulman V., Cucu-Man S.M., Olariu R.I., Buhaceanu R., Dumitraş M., Bunia I., A New Heterogeneous Catalytic System for Decolorization and Mineralization of Orange G Acid Dye Based on Hydrogen Peroxide and a Macroporous Chelating Polymer, Dyes and Pigments, 95(1) : 79-88 (2012).

[32] Stylidi M., Kondarides D.I., Verykios X.E., Visible Light-Induced Photocatalytic Degradation of Acid Orange 7 in Aqueous TiO2 Suspensions, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 47(3) : 189-201 (2004).

[33] He Z., Lin L., Song S., Xia M., Xu L., Ying H., Chen J., Mineralization of CI Reactive Blue 19 by Ozonation Combined with Sonolysis: Performance Optimization and Degradation Mechanism, Separation and Purification Technology, 62(2):376-381 (2008).

[34] Ince, N. H., Stefan, M. I., Bolton, J. R., UV/H2O2 Degradation and Toxicity Reduction of Textile Azo Dyes: Remazol Black-B, a Case Study, Journal of Advanced Oxidation Technologies, 2: 442-448 (1997).