Electrooxidation of Formic Acid and Formaldehyde on the Fe3O4@Pt Core-Shell Nanoparticles/Carbon-Ceramic Electrode

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

Electroanalytical Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, I.R. IRAN

Abstract

In the present work, the electrooxidation of formic acid and formaldehyde; potentially important fuels for future fuel cells, was investigated on the Fe3O4@Pt core-shell nanoparticles/carbon-ceramic electrode (Fe3O4@Pt/CCE). The Fe3O4@Pt nanoparticles were prepared via a simple and fast chemical method and their surface morphology, nanostructure properties, chemical composition, crystal phase, and electrochemical behavior were investigated by scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and electrochemical methods, respectively. Then the electrocatalytic activity of the Fe3O4@Pt/CCE toward the oxidation of formic acid and formaldehyde was studied in details. The primary electrochemical analysis shows that the Fe3O4@Pt/CCE has superior catalytic activity and stability for formic acid and formaldehyde oxidation compared to Pt-alone nanoparticles on the carbon-ceramic electrode (Pt/CCE). The present investigation demonstrates that the Fe3O4@Pt/CCE electrocatalyst may play a significant role in future fuel cell applications.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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