Preconcentration of Trace Vanadium with the Ion Pair of 2-Nitroso-1-Naphthol-4-Sulfonic Acid and Tetradecyldimethylbenzylammonium Chloride Onto Microcrystaline Naphthalene and Determination by Derivative Spectrophotometry
Department of Chemistry, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, I.R. IRAN
Vanadium is quantitatively retained on 2-nitroso-1-naphhthol-4-sulfonic acid tetradecyldimethlbenzyammonium chloride onto microcrystalline naphthalene in the pH range of 3.0-4.0 from a large volume of aqueous solutions of various alloys and synthetic samples. After filtration, the solid mass consisting of the vanadium complex and naphthalene was dissolved with 5.0 mL of dimethylformamide and the metal was determined by scond derivative spectrophotometry. The detection limit is 40 ppb (signal to noise ratio=2) and the calibration curvetion by measuring the distance d2A/dl2 between l1 (575 nm) and l2 (510 nm) with a correlation coefficient of 0.9995 and relative standard deviation of ±0.98%. The effect of pH, volume of aqueous phase and interference of a large number of metal ions on the determination of vanadium was studied and the developed method is found to be highly selective and sensitive.